| | |Students’ Rights and Teachers’ Responsibilities | |Student Safety on Field Trips |
Teachers’ responsibilities in the area of student safety on field trips are not inherently clear. Liability for negligence is an unclear concept involving foreseeability, to know in advance, and due care, the reasonable care exercised by a person under the circumstances. Sometimes restricting the rights of the students may also make them more inclined to break these rules. The student's rights might override the teacher's responsibility to maintain a safe environment for the student in certain situations. This situation has more potential to cause conflicts when the class is on a field trip. The teacher's responsibilities influence the student's rights because in order for the teacher to maintain a child's safety on a field trip, the teacher must limit the student's rights.
School administrators have the primary task of deciding where the line between the safety of the children and real-world learning experiences lies. School principals have the authority to say no to a proposed activity, or impose precautions that seem unreasonable. This can cause some vocal opposition from students and parents. The activities that cause the most controversy are the ones that don’t have much to do with the curriculum and are more recreation, social or entertaining. It is generally agreed that teachers have two basic duties, the delivery of instruction and supervision. The courts have held that teachers have a mandatory duty to supervise students under their control during the school day as well as at...
References: • Johnson, J.A., Musial, D., & Hall, G.E. (2005). Introduction to the Foundations of American Education, (13th Ed.). Teacher and student rights and responsibilities
• Strope, J. L. (1984). School Activities and the Law. Reston: Virginia: NASSP. Laws and Regs on Student field trips
• Webb, L., Metha, A., & Forbis Jordan, K. (2000). Foundations of American Education (3rd Ed.). New Jersey: Merrill Teacher and student rights and responsibilities
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