UNIVERSITY OF THE GAMBIA
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
NAME: OUSMAN CONTEH
MAT NO: 2120642
TITLE COURSE: INTRODUCTION TO POLITICS
LECTURER: DR SARJA TAAL
Describe and discuss the relevance of the idea of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle to the democratic theory and practices today.
Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were all ancient Greek philosophers. They all made great contributions in the field of philosophy, especially about the matter “who should rule?” Socrates was born in Alopece, Athens in 40 BC and passed away in 399 BC. Socrates did not write any philosophical text. His, life and philosophical; ideas were by his students, notably Plato. Therefore, our discussion about Socrates life, ideas and phrases are purely base on the writings of Plato. Plato was said to have been born in 427 BC and died in 347 BC. He was a student of Socrates and a tutor to Aristotle. Unlike his master, plate wrote extensively about philosophy he wrote his own book called the republic and founded his own institute of learning called the academy in Athens. Aristotle was born in 384 BC and died in 322 BC. He was a student of both Socrates and Plato. He was said to be the founding father of the scientific method of research, especially in the world of the philosophy. He was a tutor of Alexandra the great. Aristotle also wrote about Socrates. His writings seem to give a fair account of Socrates. But Aristotle never knew Socrates. (p6). From the time, Socrates was a young man, he search for wisdom and truth. He gained wisdom by asking questions. Many people in Athens thought they had answers, Socrates ask them questions. He argued with them about different topics. He did not think they had the knowledge they claim to have. During this period, there was a group called the sophists in Athens. Sophists were paid to lecture and teach people. (10). they Taught men how to speak well, and influence others. But, they also used their abilities to cheat people out of money. Many people thought that Socrates was a Sophist because of the way he spoke. But, he was not a sophist. Socrates challenged false idea people had about things like justice, love, or courage. He would break down the ideas people held. Then, he built new, more accurate ideas. Socrates felt this was what philosophy was all about, since then great philosophers have used this method to find the truth. (p11). To Greek people the purpose of life is to attain good life---happiness. For that to happen, one person must lead others to the attainment of that good life. Who should rule becomes a question to these classical Greek philosophers. For one to rule thoughtfully he must be knowledgeable, virtuous and tolerant, said Socrates; and justice, added Plato and Aristotle added that he must practice equality. (The truth about tolerance pluralism, the diversity and the culture was by brad Stetson, Joseph G. Conti). And unforgettable example of tolerance and nearly archetypal as a victim of intolerance was the Greek philosopher Socrates, reaches of Plato and the famous systematic conversation (the dialect method). Once the pathways of Athens he would accost some of the city’s leading figures, engaging them in conversations regarding their areas of expertise. He listen carefully to their responses, delighting in whatever truth their doctrines held but also gently, civilly and persistently challenging whatever he found to be false. What is law, Goodness, Truth? (p26) Some have suggested that Socrates humility was feigned, that his ignorance was mere dissembling, he knew full well the end to which was directly his conversation. There may be some truth in that change, that he knew before his first question the conclusion he wished to lead his conversation partner to. Still, there is nothing insidious in this, (p26) and its pedagogical value is obvious. The dialectic method of question and answer implicitly...
References: The sytopicon volume 2, an index to great ideas. mortime 1. Adlen 1952 1990 1993. Page 492, 665, 683, 776, 777, 778.
Brad Stetson and Joseph G. conti the truth of tolerance: pluralism, diversity and the culture1973. Page 26, 27, 128.
Lisa Zamosky, Socrates the Greek in 1963. Page 4, 5, 6, 10 and 11.
The Cambridge dictionary of philosophy second edition, genera editor Robert Audi
Translate introduction xiii, the republic Plato publish England by Pengium books in 1974
E. barker Greek political theory, Plato and his predecessors 1925
Steven M. Cahn, classics of western philosophy publish by Hackett company 1985
The great b Adler J. mortimen (the syntopicon volume two an index to great ideas in 1952, 1990 and 1993)
The great book 1 and 2
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