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Topics: Fixed-gear bicycle, Bicycle, Bicycle messenger Pages: 10 (4483 words) Published: April 18, 2013
Modern Subculture in China

Wenzeslaus Avelino Clayton
Raffles Design Institute
001GD010
Proof by Andy Lawrence
5 February 2013
Table of Content
Introduction ..................................................................................................................3
Methodology ..................................................................................................................4
Result .................................................................................................................5
Discussion .................................................................................................................11
References .................................................................................................................14
Appendix .................................................................................................................18

Introduction
In the society, people live in a certain behavior patterns and perceptions. These behavior patterns and perceptions are called by Culture (O’Neill, 2006). Within the mainstream culture, there are also small cultural groups. These small cultural groups usually exist below the mainstream culture or can be called as a subdivision of the main culture. In other word, this group can be called as Subculture. Based on subculturelist.com on the review for theory of subculture in sociologist point of view, a subculture is a group of people with a culture, which differentiates them from the dominant culture in a society to which they belong. Some argue that the existence of subculture is a contradistinction to the society’s dominant culture, while others exist harmoniously within it (Buchanan, n.d.). In addition, she also mentioned that a subculture differs slightly from the dominant culture in a society. There are so many variations of subculture in the world. A list of subcultures based on tvtropes.org are Bikers; BDSM; Emo; Furries; GLBT Individuals (Drag Queen, Transexual); Geek and Nerd; Goth; Hacker; Hippy; Hipster, Beatnick, and Bohemian; Nudist; Otherkin; Punk; Skate-/Snow-/Surf-boarder; Skinhead; Vegetarian; Video Gamer; and Yuppies. These subcultures are the one that are widely known by people from around the world. In Japan, there are some unusual subcultures, such as, Dekotora; Gyaru; Lolita; Male Hosts; Yankii; and Visual Kei (Shakespeare, 2010). In Thailand, transgender or kathoey is considered as a subculture. While in China, cycling might be considered as a subculture. The reason of this study is to know in depth about 3 subcultures from different countries. Dekotora, Kathoey, and Fixie Riders in China will be the major study for this essay. It will discuss about the history, belief of the people inside the subculture, and the status of existence in the society.

Methodology
The research for the following subject is being conducted with two different ways, such as, primary and secondary research. As for the primary research, interview with four people has been conducted for fixie riders’ subculture. One of them is an Indonesian businessman who was an Open Road Race rider, whose name does not want to be published; David Fox, an American foreigner who do regular cycle in Shanghai; Marianna, a Dutch foreigner who own a fixie with break; Ericson Corpuz, a Philippine foreigner, who own fixie without break; Tyler Bowa, a Canadian foreigner, who is the co-owner of Factory Five (fixed gear bike community in Shanghai). In addition, a question also published in Chinese-forums.com. The question that was being published was a general question about cycling in China. In addition, a trip to parks and art galleries around Shanghai has also been done, in order to see any possibilities of modern subcultures that have existed in Shanghai. As for the secondary research, research from different websites, blogs, and online magazine has been conducted. Most information...

References: Anonymus. (2013). Subculture List. Retrieved from http://subcultureslist.com/
Anonymus
Beech, H. (July 7th, 2008). Where the ‘Ladyboys’ Are. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1820633,00.html
Bicycle Kingdom
Esfehani, A. M. (January, 2004). The Bicycle’s Long Way to China. The Appropriation of Cycling as a Foreign Cultural Technique (1860-1941). Retrieved from http://www.imperialtours.net/bicycle.htm
Foreman, W
ISport. (2013). History of Cycling. Retrieved from http://cycling.isport.com/cycling-guides/history-of-cycling
Kanthor, R
Kire. (December 12th, 2011). Urban Hotel: Green Hotel Eco-Friendly. Retrieved from http://homedesigninspiration.com/green-architecture/urban-hotel-green-hotel-eco-friendly/
Live in Shanghai
Lloyd, L. (August 1st, 2012). ‘Los Fixie Riders:’ Why Latino Teens Are Riding Fixed-Gear Bikes. Retrieved from http://laist.com/2012/08/01/los_fixie_riders.php
Marc
Montgomery, D. (September 28th, 2009). Fixie Bicycles, Appealing to a Select Subculture. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/09/27/AR2009092703241.html
Munson, D
O’Neill, D. (May 26th, 2006). What is Culture? Retrieved from http://anthro.palomar.edu/culture/culture_1.htm
Ramzy, A
Rory. (December 8th, 2012). Dekotora. Retrieved from http://blog.iso50.com/29015/dekotora/
Salamat, H
Shakespeare, G. (June 7th, 2010). 6 Japanese Subcultures That Are Insane (Even for Japan). Retrieved from http://www.cracked.com/article_18567_6-japanese-subcultures-that-are-insane-even-japan_p2.html
Techincally Jurisprudence
Van Hinsbergh, G. (May 21st, 2012). Cycling in China. Retrieved from http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/transportation/bicyle-travel.htm
Viet
Winn, P. (March 16th, 2011). UPDATED: Thai transgender talent show shocker = YouTube gold. Retrieved from http://www.globalpost.com/dispatches/globalpost-blogs/the-rice-bowl/thai-transgender-talent-show-shocker-youtube-gold
Appendix
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