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Spice Girls |
The Spice Girls at their penultimate reunion concert in Toronto, Ontario, in February 2008 | Background information |
Origin | London, England, UK |
Genres | Pop, teen pop, dance, R&B |
Years active | 1994–2000, 2007–08, 2012 |
Labels | Virgin, EMI |
Website | thespicegirls.com |
Past members |
Geri Halliwell Melanie Chisholm Emma Bunton Melanie Brown Victoria Beckham | The Spice Girls were a British pop girl group formed in 1994. The group consists of five members, who each later adopted nicknames initially ascribed to them: Melanie Brown ("Scary Spice"), Melanie Chisholm ("Sporty Spice"), Emma Bunton ("Baby Spice"), Geri Halliwell ("Ginger Spice"), and Victoria Beckham, née Adams ("Posh Spice"). They were signed to Virgin Records and released their debut single, "Wannabe" in 1996, which hit number-one in more than 30 countries and helped establish the group as a global phenomenon. Credited for being the pioneers that paved the way for the commercial breakthrough of teen pop in the late 1990s, their debut album, Spice, sold more than 28 million copies worldwide, becoming the best-selling album by a female group in music history. They have sold over 80 million records worldwide, making them the best-selling female group of all time and one of the best-selling pop groups of all time, and also making them the most successful British band since the Beatles, and compared with Beatlemania. Measures of their success include international record sales, a 2007–2008 reunion tour, merchandising, record-breaking achievements, iconic symbolism such as Halliwell's Union Jack dress, representing "Girl Power", a box-office film, Spice World, and their internationally recognised nicknames. The group became one of the most successful marketing engines ever, with their global grosses estimated at $500–800 million between 1996 and 1998 and the group earning up to $75 million per year. Under the guidance of their mentor and manager Simon Fuller, the group embraced merchandising and became a regular feature of the British and global press. In 1996, Top of the Pops magazine gave each member of the group aliases, which were adopted by the group and media. According to Rolling Stone journalist and biographer David Sinclair, "Scary, Baby, Ginger, Posh and Sporty were the most widely recognised group of individuals since John, Paul, George, and Ringo". They were the biggest popular cultural icons of the 1990s, according to a survey carried out by Trivial Pursuit, winning by 80 percent in a poll of 1,000 people, stating that "Girl Power" defined the decade. They are cited as part of the 'second wave' '90s British Invasion of the US. Contents [hide] 1 Band history 1.1 1994–1996: Formation and early years 1.2 1996–1997: Spice and breakthrough 1.3 1997–1998: Groundbreaking success and Spiceworld 1.4 1998–2000: Halliwell's departure, Forever, and hiatus 1.5 2007–2008: Return of the Spice Girls and Greatest Hits 1.6 2009–present: Viva Forever musical and London Olympics 2 Cultural impact and legacy 2.1 British music scene 2.2 "Girl Power" 2.3 "Cool Britannia" 2.4 1990s iconic status 2.5 Spicy Crispy Chicks 2.6 Fashion trends and nicknames 3 Portrayal in the media 4 Other brand ventures 4.1 Film 4.2 Television 4.3 Viva Forever: The Spice Girls Musical 4.4 Merchandise and sponsorship deals 5 Career records and achievements 6 Discography 7 See also 8 References 8.1 Book references 9 External links | 
1994–1996: Formation and early years
The Stage classified advertisement, 1994.
In the mid-1990s, family management team Bob Herbert, Chris Herbert and Lindsey Casbon set about creating a girl group to compete with popular boy bands that dominated the pop music...
References: ^ Thomas, Rebecca (25 April 2012). "TLC’s Left Eye Remembered: 10 Years Later". MTV (MTV Networks). Retrieved 23 June 2012.
^ Wong, Sterling (13 April 2011). "Are Adele, Mumford And Sons Sign Of A New British Invasion? – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
^ Hyland, Ian (10 August 1997). "IT 'S A SPICE WORLD". Sunday Mirror.
^ McGibbon, 1997. pp. 124–125.
^ Wright, Matthew (20 December 1996). "Jingle Belles; Spice Girls hit No 1 for Xmas". The Mirror (Trinity Mirror). Retrieved 14 December 2011
^ Wright, Matthew (23 December 1996)
^ Spice Girls form The Guardian. Retrieved 18 September 2011
^ The Spice Girls; Cripps, Rebecca; & Peachey, Mal (1997)
^ McKendrick, Ewan (2010). Contract Law – Text, Cases, Materials, 4th edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 588–592. ISBN 978-0-19-957979-2.
^ Bamigboye, Baz (21 January 2010). "Spice Girls musical gets green light at last". Daily Mail (London).
^ Hoyle, Ben (22 January 2010). "Viva Forever Mamma Mia creator creates Spice Girls musical". The Times (London). Retrieved 23 May 2010.
^ Sinclair, David (2004). Wannabe: How the Spice Girls Reinvented Pop Fame. Omnibus Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-7119-8643-6
^ Dadds, Kimberley
^ Emily Sheridan (21 December 2012). "Mel C admits Spice Girls nearly split countless times before Geri Halliwell quit - Mail Online". Daily Mail. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
^ "nicknames", Halliwell, Geri (1999). If Only, p. 229. New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-385-33475-3.
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