Structures: Pyramids, Stonehenge, And Ziggurats

Satisfactory Essays
Topics: Sumer, Religion, Faith, Uruk, Egypt
Structures During the Neothlithic era, many different cultures were beginning to create different yet similar structures for their cities. In England, humans built Stonehenge, in Egypt, humans began to build pyramids, and in Mesopotamia, Sumerians built ziggurats. All of these structures were used to either worship gods, or had some sort of religious belief behind them.

In England, Stonehenge, the most famous megalithic structure, was built. It consisted of several large stones, the largest weighing up to 50 tons. The circular structure consists of a large outer ring in a series of post-and-lintel forms, which are aligned with astronomical positions. It is believed that Stonehenge may have served as an observatory as well as a center of religious worship.

Like the people who built Stonehenge, the Sumerians also built their own religious structure called a ziggurat. These stepped pyramids were often made of mud brick. The theory behind it was that in mounting its steps, worshipers rose beyond the ordinary human world into a realm of the gods. Some of the ziggurats were dedicated to gods. The greatest one of all at Ur-Nammu was dedicated to the moon god and was probably topped by a temple for sacrifices.

The early Egyptians also built their own religious structures. Egyptians believed that the life continues unchanged after death; therefore they built large pyramids in honor of their pharaohs. Pyramids were monumental tombs that were built to contain the bodies of the pharaohs. The great pyramids at Giza were made of limestone blocks, the largest covering thirteen acres at the base, and were built with more than two million stone blocks. They would often put the pharaoh's belongings in with him so he could be happy after death.

Many different cultures revolved around their own individual religious beliefs, yet many of their beliefs were similar to one another. Each of the three cultures mentioned all felt that they had to construct large structures in order to

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Pyramids and the Ziggurats October 10th 2012 Pyramids and Ziggurats have many similarities and many differences. Pyramids were found in South America and ancient Egypt. At first, many believed that pyramids were built as final resting places for the pharaohs buried, but as of late, the general assumption is that they were a mere tool to get the pharaohs to the heavens where they could be with their gods. Evidence of this is all the perfectly designed shafts that run throughout the pyramids…

    • 600 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Pyramids and Ziggurats

    • 884 Words
    • 4 Pages

    differences) between Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, Mesopotamian ziggurats, and the pyramids of Pre-Columbian South America. All of them had major significance for their peoples cultures and religious beliefs, as well as having historic significance today. The greatest parallel between all of these ancient skyscrapers is that they were made for the upper echelons of these now defunct civilizations. The Egyptians built the most of these cultures. Over 90 royal pyramids were produced between roughly 2500…

    • 884 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Pyramids and Ziggurats

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Pyramids and ziggurats both provide archeologists with a great deal of information about the ancient cultures that constructed them. When comparing The Great Pyramids of Egypt with The Ziggurats of Mesopotamia and the Mesoamerican Pyramids, the differences between them are more apparent than the similarities that they share. The structures only appear to be similar. Both have the general form of a pyramid. Some other similarities shared by these structures can be interpreted from a religious context…

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The two pieces under comparison are Stonehenge and Step Pyramid, both of which are megalithic, meaning large stone architecture. To illustrate the two ancient monuments one must compare their similarities while keeping in mind to contrast the differences. The main difference is that Stonehenge is from England, coming from the time of prehistory, whereas the Step Pyramid comes from Egypt, during the ancient Egyptian art period. There are many similarities in materials used, composition and the purpose…

    • 787 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Triangles The ziggurats of Mesopotamia were the ‘main events’ in their respective city-states while the pyramids of Egypt were beautiful, confined graves. One of these magnificent triangular structures was a place of gathering, just as the other was illegal to enter as a civilian. These are the two most symbolic and astounding architectural creations in history, at least for their shape. Both the ziggurat and the pyramid were recognized as specific buildings. The Ziggurat was a place of gathering…

    • 477 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ziggurats

    • 631 Words
    • 3 Pages

    ZIGGURATS Part 2 Religious temples were built on flat platforms, growing higher and bigger, until eventually the Mesopotamians built stepped temples. Over hundreds of years, these temples grew significantly in size. These mud-brick towers were called ziggurats and were being constructed in Sumerian cities by 2000 B.C. The ziggurat was a huge platform, often decorated with mosaic or trees, with a series of smaller platforms on top. The stepped pyramid had stairs leading to the top, the sacred spot…

    • 631 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    These pyramids took place in the Third Dynasty during 2630-2575 BC. King Djoser commissioned this monumental architecture in Egypt. The designer was Djoser’s prime minister, Ihotep, whose name is inscribed on a statue at the site. The purpose was to hold his mummified body. The Step Pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser's at Saqqara arose as a traditional, flat-roofed mastaba, although in 2611 B.C., by the end of his nineteen-year reign, it had risen to six stepped layers and stood two hundred and four feet…

    • 1402 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the passage “The Pyramids”, Samuel Johnson utilizes a variety of sentence structures to achieve the effect of humans having excessive desires and also the effect of humans having a greedy personality. Using a long sentence, Johnson declares that “ Whoever thou art, that, not content with a moderate condition, imaginest happiness in royal magnificence and dreamest that command or riches can feed the appetite of novelty with perpetual gratifications, survey the pyramids, and confess thy folly”…

    • 375 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    ziggurats

    • 627 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The Amazing Ziggurats The topic of my essay is Ziggurats, which were towers made out of mud brick, which the brick was separated by reeds to help allow the water to drain1. The word Ziggurat originated from Assyrian, which means “high” or “raised up”2, this describes Ziggurats perfectly because they were normally seven stories high. Ziggurats ,most of the time, had temples at the top that were built as a place of worship. Ziggurats were founded in Mesopotamia and were significant because they…

    • 627 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Stonehenge

    • 886 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Stonehenge Thesis: Stonehenge was built by the Early Britons. With the evidence at hand, the Early Britons even though they have few writings and less proof of mathematical ingenuity seem to have built Stonehenge. Introduction I. Who A. Legends of Who Built Stonehenge 1. Devil1 a. Heel Stone i. Thrown at fleeing priest ii. Has indent today b. Woman in Ireland 2. Merlin a. King Ambrosius2 b. "Dance of Giants"3 c. Merlin = (?) Myrddin4 B. Early Britons5…

    • 886 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays