Name: Kyangchong Sambo
Candidate Number: BU/13C/BS/0760
Date of Submission: 25TH March 2014
Course Title: History of Ideas, Science and Society 1
Course Code: GEN 102
Tutor: Dr. Udo Osisiogu
WHAT IS REVOLUTION?
Revolution like most English words is gotten from a Latin word “revolution”, which means “a turn around”. Revolution can be described or defined in so many ways, but basically it is a rudimentary alteration in power that happens during a short period of time. Revolutions that have occurred over the past decades have brought about major changes in the society, especially in the cultural, economical and socio-political sectors. There are various types of revolutions but it can basically be classified into Political and Economic Revolution.
WHAT FACTORS LED TO THE REVOLUTIONS AND CIVIL WARS IN ENGLAND BETWEEN 1642-51?
Historians have various views on what caused the civil wars and revolutions in England; here I will point out the major factors that led to the revolution.
The major reason I would like to bring to light is the accession of Charles I to the throne in 1625. His predecessor and father James had already ran the country’s monetary assets down. Charles got into power with no money and a high taste for lavish things. In 1640 Charles wanted to go to war and he demanded that parliament should give him the money, when they refused he became furious and wanted to dissolve them. The issues kept piling up and tension grew between Charles and the parliament. It eventually got to the point where Charles dissolved the parliament because of their refusal to release money to him, and he ruled without them for 11 years. After those years a Scottish group called The Covenanters tried to obtrude England, as a result Charles put the parliament together again, with the sole aim of raising funds to stop the group. To his disappointment the parliament refused to help him and he dissolved them yet again. He...
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