String of Pearls

Topics: People's Republic of China, United States, South China Sea Pages: 66 (17799 words) Published: October 26, 2014
AIR WAR COLLEGE
AIR UNIVERSITY

STRING OF PEARLS:
Meeting the Challenge of China’s Rising
Power Across the Asian Littoral

by
CHRISTOPHER J. PEHRSON
Lt Col, USAF
XXX-XX-1752

A Research Report Submitted to the Faculty
in Partial Fulfillment of Graduation Requirements

Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama
17 May 2006

[PRIVACY ACT NOTICE: Information on this page is protected by the Privacy Act of 1974 and must be safeguarded from unauthorized disclosure.]

CERTIFICATE
I have read and understand the Academic Integrity Section of the Student Guide. I certify that I have not used another student’s research work and that the creative process of researching, organizing, and writing this research report represents only my own work. I have read the instructions regarding purpose, scope, format and content of this effort and have accomplished the research paper in accordance with guidance presented in the Student Guide.

______________________________
(Signature)

DISCLAIMER
The views expressed in this academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, or the United States Air Force. In accordance with Air Force Instruction 51-303, this paper is not copyrighted but remains the property of the U.S. Government.

i

Acknowledgements
I would like to thank the many individuals who were instrumental in helping with this research project. My faculty advisor, Dr. Lawrence Grinter, provided the necessary guidance and vectors to keep me on task. My research sponsor, LTC John Anderson, Joint Staff J5, Northeast Asia Division, provided insight to help focus this research and ensure its relevance to U.S. national security and defense policy. Additionally, I would like to recognize the invaluable assistance provided by Dr. Toshi Yoshihara and Dr. Xiaoming Zhang, faculty members at the Air War College. As true experts in Asian security and American foreign policy they enhanced my education, challenged my assumptions, and provided relevant feedback and constructive criticism. Thank you all for your assistance! Their oversight and inputs were invaluable yet I remain solely responsible for any errors or omissions contained within this paper.

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Table of Contents
CERTIFICATE ................................................................................................................................ I DISCLAIMER ................................................................................................................................. I ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ............................................................................................................ II TABLE OF CONTENTS ...............................................................................................................III FIGURES AND TABLES ..............................................................................................................V ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................................. VI CHINA LOOKS SEAWARD: YESTERDAY AND TODAY ......................................................1 CHINA’S EMERGING MARITIME STRATEGY: THE STRING OF PEARLS ........................4 WHAT IS THE STRING OF PEARLS? ....................................................................................4 The Nature of the Pearls ..............................................................................................5 MOTIVATION BEHIND THE STRING OF PEARLS ..................................................................7 Quest for Energy ..........................................................................................................9 Securing Sea Lines of Communication ......................................................................10 STRATEGIC ANALYSIS...

Bibliography: Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2005.
Kane, Thomas M. Chinese Grand Strategy and Maritime Power. London: Frank Cass
Publishers, 2002.
Levathes, Louise. When China Ruled the Seas, The Treasure Fleet of the Dragon Throne, 14051433. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Lim, Robyn. The Geopolitics of East Asia: The Search for Equilibrium. New York: Routledge,
2003.
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