Stress Coping

Topics: Gender, Male, Emotion Pages: 10 (1097 words) Published: May 3, 2015
Running Head: STRESS COPING STRATEGIES IN YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN Stress coping strategies in young men and women
Manahil Nauman
Szabist University

Abstract
This study uses a qualitative method of design. It aims to find out the different coping strategies in men and women of ages 18-25. Brief Cope Self-Reporting Questionnaires were used and there was a total pf 166 participants (83 males and 83 females). The investigator collected the data in an excel sheet where the means for the 14 subscales were calculated. The questions asked in the questionnaire are related to how people try to cope up with the stress that they face due to traumatic or stressful events in their life. The results showed the differences in the coping strategies of males and females i.e females using religion and emotional support and men using planning and active coping in order to cope with stress. Stress Coping Strategies in young men and women

Stress is a state in which individuals perceive a situation as not being under their control and also when that situations seems to affect their physical and psychological well-being. Young people go through less stress as compared to old people when they are going through some illness. The reason for this is that children's ability to fight with a disease is greater as compared to that of old people. The second reason is that children are more concerned about the present whereas old people are more concerned with their future and death. The feelings of stress can make us angry, frustrated or depressed. This is completely normal until those feelings start triggering a mental illness. Studies before this, such as the study by Marco in 2004, have shown that men use more of problem-focused strategies and women use of emotion-focused strategies to cop with stress. "Gender" roles specifically, rather than "sex" roles play an important role in the difference between coping strategies of men and women. That is, if men and women have similar roles in education and the work place, coping strategies are also the same. This was suggested by Greenglass and Noguchi's study of 1996. So the aim of this study will be to investigate the coping strategies of young men and women considering their societal roles. Folkman et al (1987) found out that young people are problem-focused and old people are emotion-focused when it comes to coping with stress. We all have our own coping strategies and own ways of diverting our minds from what gives us stress. To find out the ways young people have in order to compensate for their stress will be studied in this research paper. A questionnaire by Carver (1997) called Brief Cope was used in this study in which there was a total of 14 subscales. The participants were 83 females and 83 males. The hypothesis suggests that the coping strategies used by males includes self-distraction and denial whereas women use religion and emotional support.

Methods
Participants
Participants were obtained within the age group of 18-25. There was an equal number of females and males. They belonged to various ethnic, social and cultural groups. Academic qualifications and work experiences were also broad and diverse. Material

A Likert-type Brief Cope questionnaire was used. (Carver, C.S, 1997) The scales used were self-blame, distraction, acceptance etc. and 14 scales were used. A rating scale of 1 to 4 was used with 1 being "I haven't been doing this at all" and 4 being "I've been doing this a lot". Procedure

A Likert-type questionnaire was used.The participants were asked to fill in the questionnaire after reading the instructions. They were asked to do this in their homely environments so that the results would be close to accurate. A different environment would distort results. The subjects had to place a tick mark or dot on how they thought they managed to cope with stress. They were given as much time as they needed because even filling it in a hurry could negatively affect...


References: Coico & Sunshine (2009), Health Psychology. Children 's ability to fight a disease
La Greca & Stone, Health Psychology
Marco (2004), Health Psychology. Men are problem focused while women are emotion focused
Greenglass & Noguchi (1996), Health Psychology
Folkman et al (1987), Health Psychology, Young people are problem focused while old people are emotion focused
Carver (1997), Brief Cope Questionnaire
Juan Carlos, Teresa, Patricia & Jose Manuel (2012), the Spanish Journal of Psychology. Reliability Check
TABLE 1
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