Working can be positive because it may give your life structure and provide satisfaction. A certain amount of pressure at work is a good thing because it can help you perform better and prepare you for challenges and actions. However, if pressure and demands become too much, they can lead to work-related stress. Work-related stress can be caused by a number of things.
Causes of work-related stress
There are a number of factors that cause work-related stress, including: * poor working conditions, such as noise or bad lighting
* long working hours
* relationships with colleagues
* having too much or too little to do
* lack of control in the working environment
* not feeling valued for the work you do
* bullying at work
* being under pressure to meet deadlines
Sometimes people feel stressed if they are in the wrong job for their skills, abilities and expectations. Sometimes there is no single cause of work-related stress. It can be caused by a build-up of small things over time.
Life - related stressors.
Different situations and different factors can cause stress, even these , what are nor related to work. An employee might feel stress when something happened in his life, for example, divorce, problems with friends or relatives, sickness of childer and ect.
Symptoms of work-related stress
Work-related stress can cause psychological, emotional, physical and behavioural problems. Because everyone reacts to stress in different ways depending on their personality and how they respond to pressure, symptoms may vary. However, some common psychological symptoms include: * feeling that you can't cope
* being unable to concentrate
* lacking confidence
* a loss of motivation and commitment
* disappointment with yourself
* negative or depressive feelings
* increased emotional reactions (for example, you’re tearful or sensitive) * irritability or having a short temper
* feeling overwhelmed
* mood swings
Physical symptoms. These may include:
* diarrhoea or constipation
* weight changes
* chest pains
* joint or back pain
Behaviour might also change and may include:
* eating more or less
* sleeping too much or too little
* isolating yourself from others
* drinking alcohol, smoking or taking illegal drugs to relax
Examples of work-related stressors :
You're busy from the time you get to work until the time you leave, but you have little freedom while you're there. You don't have much say over how you do your job or the types of projects you work on, and you're always on someone else's schedule. The solution: These types of jobs -- known as "high-demand, low-control" -- tend to cause a great deal of psychological strain, says Peter L. Schnall, MD, an occupational stress expert at the University of California at Irvine. Even if you can't make your job less demanding, finding ways to get more involved in decision-making will help ease the stress, research suggests.
* Frustrated go-getter
You work your tail off, but you feel you don't receive enough credit, or compensation. With lots of sweat (and maybe a few tears), you've made your bosses look good. Still, you haven't received a raise, a promotion or sufficient recognition. The solution: These so-called "effort-reward imbalances" are a recipe for stress, especially among very driven people who are eager for approval. Try discussing your career goals with your boss. You may not get the rewards you want right away, but you could gain some insight about how to improve your situation and outlook.
You feel like you're all alone, and not in a good way. If you require help or guidance, your boss won't give it to you, and when you need to vent, you don't have a trusted ally to turn to. The solution: A good support system at work includes both practical...
Published by Bupa 's Health Information Team, December 2011.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/09/17/job-killing-you-8-types-o_n_719681.html The 8 Types Of Work-Related Stress 2011 Rachel Martin
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