Story of an Hour
Kate Chopin's the "Story of an Hour" includes a vast amount of literary devices. Irony, foreshadowing, personification, imagery, symbolism, metaphor and repetition are some of the major literary techniques used by Chopin within this short story about a woman named Mrs. Mallard. Although the story covers only one hour in the life of the main character, the use of these various literary techniques present the theme of the story to the reader in a very entertaining manner.
The "Story of an Hour" is primarily a story of great irony. Irony is first demonstrated when Mrs. Mallard who has a serious heart condition finds out the news about the sudden death of her husband. Although she appears upset and goes to her room to grieve his death alone, she stares out the window and realizes that she has many new opportunities ahead of her now that her husband is gone. Ironically, Mrs. Mallard dies at the end of the story because she is disappointed to find out her husband is still alive. The ultimate irony is that with her death Mrs. Mallard is finally free from her sad repressive life. In the end the doctors says she dies not from heart trouble but from "the joy that kills." Ironically, it is not the joy of seeing her husband alive, but her realization that the joy she felt for only one hour is over. Chopin uses foreshadowing in the first sentence when she writes, "knowing that Mrs. Mallard was afflicted with a heart trouble, great care was taken to break to her as gently as possible the news of her husband's death." It's clear at this point that something bad is going to happen to Mrs. Mallard once we are informed that she has heart trouble. Another example of foreshadowing is when Mrs. Mallard is observing things out the window and sees all the new chances and opportunities that will result from the death of her husband.
Personification is demonstrated in one of the lines of the story that states: "she was young, with a fair, calm face,...
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