'Stop small hands from working in factories.'
Like other problems India facing today, viz. poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition etc, child labour is also a big threat to the nation and it is practised in many parts of the country. Though govts, both central as well as states, have been pushing for the various policies/programmes to cease 'child-labour', the success story so far is not so good if we see UN reports. At present, to deal with 'child labour' problem,we have Child Labour prevention Act, some policies like Right To Education etc, but due to poor infrastructue and absence of proper blue print the policies remain on paper. Education is still distinct dream for many children. Govt schools are poorly funded, they do not have required number of teachers and so do not student, they do not have science laboratories, mid-day meal is not provided in many schools. Some schools do not even have toilet facilities which is the reason of low number of female students. And the 'child labour' is practised mostly in those parts of the country, from where schools possess above properties.
But to my mind lack of availability of education is not the only reason of 'child labour' other than poverty. Apart from poverty and illiteracy, dalitism, migration, malnutrition too play a very important role to increase the number of child labours. Most of the child labours from our country are dalits, marginalised and alienated. Along with being dalit they are poor as well as illiterate. Also many child labours are 'beggers' who do not have their own shelter (unfortunately, in India,there are no laws which will cover beggers). So the number of child labourers are more in those parts of the country where dalitism is practised strongly and they have more number of industries. For example, states like Orissa, Jharkhand are resource, minerals rich so there is greater number of industries, and also dalitism is practised more in these states, hence result of which is more number of...
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