First published in 1974, Marshall Sahlins' Stone Age Economics challenges that Western societies are more conducive to leisure and prosperity than traditional stone-age cultures. Using evidence from primitive cultures in Africa, Australia, and Asia, Sahlins argues that these hunter-gatherers live a more fulfilling life because they are not concerned with material possessions. While Western societies view scarcity as the basis of unhappiness, scarcity in stone-age societies is precisely what drives hunter-gatherers to live an abundant and "affluent" life. Sahlins claims that an affluent society is one where "people's material wants are easily satisfied." How, then, in a culture of unlimited wants can Western society be deemed affluent? Western cultures desire everything, yet means are limited leaving the average person perpetually unsatisfied. If there are fewer items to desire, there is a smaller gap between what a person wants and what he can have. This is how hunter-gatherers operate. Constantly on the brink of starvation, hunter-gatherers spend each day in search for food to satisfy the day's needs. Aware that there is an abundance of food, they will only spend time acquiring sustenance for the day, because they know that there will still be plenty of food tomorrow. Thus, the hunter-gatherer spends only three to four hours per day finding food, and spends the rest of the day resting, playing games, and socializing. Resting and socializing is precisely what Western cultures aim to receive in exchange for long hours of work. If a person works hard, he will get paid. If he gets paid, he will have the means to have leisure time. Yet the average American works 40-50 hours per week, leaving him little time to relax. Even in his spare time, he is consumed by everyday obligations that distract from leisure time such as shopping, paying bills, and keeping up the household. The excess of things in Western society takes away from the leisure time
“If economics is the dismal science, the study of hunting and gathering economies must be its most advanced branch” (Sahlins 1972: 1).
Stone Age Economics is one of the well-known books in the subfield of economic anthropology provided by an American cultural anthropologist, Marshall Sahlins. This book is a slight representation in the literature dealing with ‘primitive’ or ‘tribal’ economic life. This book consists of a series of chapters that lacks a proper conclusion of Sahlins discoveries….
One of the most famous Stone Age sculptures that still remain today and used as a desktop background and one of the 7 wonders of the worlds
Introduction: The Stone Age is a broad prehistoric period during which stone was widely used to make implements with a sharp edge, a point, or a percussion surface. The period lasted roughly 3.4 million years, and ended between 4500 BC and 2000 BC with the advent of metalworking. Stone Age artifacts include tools used by humans and by their predecessor species….
There are many similarities and differences between the way
the people of the Old Stone Age and the people of the New Stone Age obtained their food.
There are many similarities and differences between the way the people of the Old Stone Age and the people of the New Stone Age obtained their food. In the Old Stone Age, people hunted for their food, while the people of the New Stone Age also had farming to obtain their food. Gathering was a source of food for people….
Technologies that humans used in the Old Stone Age
Fabricating and utilizing tools as well as the cultural transmission of technology became essential to the human mode of existence and were practiced in all human societies. Humans strike as being the only creatures that accommodate tools to create other tools. No human society has survived without technology. Due to evolution humankind has been able to prefect the mastery and transmission of tool making.
Administrating fire exemplifies a….
The Stone Age
The Stone Age shaped, developed and formed our modern day form of living.
There are numerous facts and events that have occurred throughout time that are
evidence of this.
"The Stone Age began as far back as two million years ago in some
places" (www.bergen.org, April, 1997). This was when neanderthals were
roaming the world using primitive weapons to hunt animals as well as searching
for other sources of food. Since that time the ways of living and even the shape….
1. The Stone Age:
The Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age
Most art in pre – Christian Ireland is abstract. It reflected the technical, social and intellectual developments of the time. The pace of change in art and technology was slow at first; it took 5,000 years from the arrival of the first stone age people for metal technology to be developed in Ireland with the introduction of copper and bronze. It took 1.500 years for iron technology to arrive and 500 more years for the major social and….
The stone ages were times of great change. The stone ages were times of the early people known as Paleolithic which means old and Neolithic which means new. These people brought great advancements that changed the way people lived.
There were great advancements durind the Old Stone Age. One of their advancements of the Paleolithic people was that they learned how to tame fire, one of the most important advancements of the stone ages. Fire was good for hunting by surrounding an animal and used….
Think About As You Read
1. How did the first people
2. What started the
3. Why did the Stone Age
farmers live near rivers?
• Stone Age
THE FIRST PEOPLE
The first people did not live the way we live today. They
did not grow food or live in houses. They did not read or
write. In this chapter we will learn how the first people
Archaeologists help us learn about people….
Religious behaviors developed to what they are today beginning in the pre-historic times of the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and the Neolithic. There is evidence of these behaviors in the archaeological artifacts as well as mythological evidence. Religious behaviors evolved as humans evolved.
Religious beliefs changed too. In the Paleolithic we learn that people were very spiritual; everything was treated as a spiritual act. They approached everything ritualistically and their behaviors were in response….
The Early Stone Age, Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Kush. Which civilization would you want to live in? The Early Stone age, was where your early hominids or ancestors lived. Mesopotamia was a between two river called the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. The development of writing occurred in Mesopotamia which was a big deal to government officials and temples because they hired scribes to keep records. In Ancient Egypt, the Egyptians believed in many gods, like Amon-Re….