The forced removal of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) children from their families was an Official Government policy in the early 1900’s. By the late 1980’s, there were more than 100 000 of ATSI descent children who had been taken away from their families and lost links with their language, culture and traditions; they are known as Stolen Generation. Between 1995 – 1997 The Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HREOC) provided recommendations to reunite Indigenous families affected by the Stolen Generation. However these recommendations have not been enforced which has resulted in failure to reconcile. The Stolen Generation did not move on to become labourers or servants. In general, the education they received was very poor and The Government did not recognise Indigenous parents as having any rights with regards to their children. In 1995 HREOC began a national inquiry into the separation of Aboriginal children from their families; the report was called Bringing Them Home. As a result of this report Australia had to come to terms with the breech of the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. HREOC has made suggestions to help indigenous people reunite with their families and regain their cultural identities (Marten, 2002, pp229). It is not possible to regain, what had been lost by indigenous people as result of the forced removal of their children by Governments, churches and welfare bodies. Removing children from their families was official government policy in Australia until 1969. However, the practice had begun in the earliest days of European settlement, when children were used as guides, servants and farm labour REFRENCE).
The first 'native institution' at Parramatta in 1814 was set up to 'civilise' Aboriginal children. The Aborigines Protection Board was established and oversaw the mass dislocation of Aboriginal people from their traditional lands onto reserves...
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