Sticks And Stones 2 1 Final

Topics: Bullying, Abuse, Aggression Pages: 7 (2147 words) Published: April 15, 2015
Alexis Kaufman
English 102
Research paper
Malcolm Allen

Sticks and Stones
“Sticks and stones will break my bones but words will never hurt me,” this is a saying that has been used for many years, but is that really true? Words can cause pain. Two of the main reasons people are bullied are because of appearance and social status. Bullies pick on people they think don't fit in, usually because of how they look, how they act, their race, religion, or sexual preference. There are three main types of bullying such as physical bullying, verbal bullying and cyber bullying. Bullying does not just effect children but adults as well, bullying is a serious problem that needs to be prevented because of the negative effects it has mentally and physically on both the victim and the one doing the bullying and with the right education people can prevent bullying from happening. Solutions to bullying include gathering people together to talk about this serious issue and educating them as to how this is negatively affecting our schools, community, and workplace.

Of the three main types of bullying which include physical, verbal and cyber bulling, physical bullying is said to be the worst of type, physical violence between two people for example; hitting, pushing, kicking, tripping, slapping, spitting. "Middle school is said to be the age that bullying is the most common, this is the age where young people want more to fit in with their peers, making some students more likely to bully or condone bullying to fit in, when those who don't fit in stand out more as victims."(bullyingstatistics.org) The victim is almost always weaker than the bully "researchers have found that depressed individuals hold negative views of themselves, the world, and the future. The negative expectations characterize hopelessness and can stem from stressful events that have occurred (Espelage & Swearer 64)." These negative views of themselves can easily make them weaker and viewed as a target. Some signs that a student may be a victim of physical bullying are bruises, cuts, unexplained injuries, skipping certain classes or events, withdrawing from others, displaying low self esteem etc.

Aggression can be often be mistaken for (physical) bullying, bullying may be considered a subset of aggression, characterized by what is sometimes referred to as "Double IR" (imbalance of power, intentional acts, and repeated over time)." The bully is usually more powerful than the victim and commits aggressive behaviors " (Orpinas & Horne 14) It is easy to mix up the two terms bullying vs. aggressive behavior but they do have two different meanings. An example in the Harry Potter Books, written by J.K. Rowling, there is a villainous character named Draco Malfoy who engages in aggressive behaviors directed at Harry Potter. These behaviors are considered aggressive behavior though, not bullying because both of the student have similar levels of power. If Draco chose someone with less power and not able to fight back or defend themselves then that indeed would be considered bullying, because of the imbalance of the skill sets between the two.

The next form of bullying is cyber bullying, The National Crime Prevention Council describes cyber bullying as “when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones.” Cyber bullying is getting more and more popular as technology takes over our society. Almost all children/adults have some form of technology that allows them to be a victim, or a bully. Hiding behind a computer screen is easy and things can be said without automatic consequences. Cyber bullying is said to not just be a onetime event, there are usually a few encounters that escalate. In this type of bullying there isn’t usually just one bully and one victim, the roles tend to switch....
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