June 17, 2013
People of color in general have been oppressed for a long time by oppressors, which were white men. Black people in particular were the most affected. From slavery to apartheid, black people had lost their identities. As a consequence, in South Africa, one of the most racial segregated countries in Africa, many black leaders have stand against apartheid. Steve Biko was one of them. As an activist, Steve Biko dedicated his entire life by fighting apartheid in South Africa. The black consciousness movement he founded, his speeches and writings, and his leadership have played a significant role in fighting apartheid.
The first action that Steve Biko initiated against apartheid was to found the black consciousness movement. This powerful movement empowered and mobilized black South Africans against apartheid. For instance, BCM had fought for a political self-reliance and the unification of university students in a black consciousness. Moreover, Biko and the BCM played a significant role in organizing the protests which culminated in the “Soweto uprising.” The BCM‘s philosophy influenced South African youth to change the oppressive situation by rejecting apartheid. The movement main concern was to make the black man be himself, and to infuse him with pride and dignity. It also reminded the black man of his complicity in the crime of allowing himself to be misused and letting evil reign supreme in the country of his birth. In result, the BCM has rallied much of urban black population in fighting apartheid.
Second, Biko’s speeches and writings played important roles in fighting apartheid. Biko spent his entire life preaching and writing to Black South Africans. For example, he was famous for his slogan “Black is beautiful” which he described as meaning: “man, you are okay as you are, begin to look upon yourself human being”. Another of his powerful speech held at a student conference is to make the point that: “the most...
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