Stem Cell Research

Topics: Stem cell, Embryonic stem cell, Embryo Pages: 4 (1450 words) Published: June 19, 2013
Stem cell research has the potential to affect the lives of millions of Americans. In my research you will understand; the history of stem cell research, International stem cell control list, and the legislation. Hopefully, after reading this you will be able to form a strong opinion on stem cell research. What is stem cell research? According to Stem cell information, “An adult cell is thought to be an undifferentiated cell( cell that is not developed) which is found among developed cells in a tissue or organ to renew its function” http://stemcells.nih.gov/info/basics/basics4.asp. The main jobs of stem cells are to repair and develop the tissues and organs of the living organism for which they are found. Stem cell research started 50 years ago; it was found that bone marrow has two kinds of stem cells. The first population is the hematopoietic stem cells; they are responsible for the blood cells in the body. The second type of stem cell is known as stromal cells, they can help restore; fat, cartilage, and bone. America is the founding father of stem cell research. As stated by Wikipedia, “In 1998 James Thomson, an American Biologist derived the first human embryonic cell line” http://alturl.com/9fj9i. List below is the international research policy which was conducted by the University of Minnesota. http://mbbnet.umn.edu/scmap.html

* Permissive control policies are; Australia, Belgium, China, India, Israel, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, United Kingdom and others. Under Permissive control multiple use of embryonic techniques are used to receive stem cells. The use of somatic nuclear transfer (cloning) is done under research. * Flexible control policies are; fertility clinic donating only, somatic nuclear transfer research is prohibited, and research is only used on embryos that aren’t used for birth. United States, Brazil, Canada, France, Iran, Spain, Spain, and others. * Restrictive policies; Austria, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway,...
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