top-rated free essay

Statistics-Chart and Graph Paper

By sberri Mar 04, 2007 680 Words
Charts and graph are images that present data symbolically. They are used to present information and numerical data in a simple, compact format. This paper will focus on three types of charts and/or graphs which are: pie charts, bar graphs, and histograms.

What types of data there are and how the data was collected is important for the reader to understand.. According to Bennett, Briggs, and Triola (2003) there are two types of data. They are:

*Qualitative data- Data consisting of values that describe qualities or nonnumeric categories.

*Quantitative data- Data consisting of values representing counts or measurements (p G-4).

In the following three examples of charts/graphs the type of data being displayed will be discussed.

Pie Chart

Excellent use of section headings!

The first type to be discussed is a pie chart. A pie chart is "a circle divided so that each wedge represents the relative frequency of a particular category. The wedge size is proportional to the relative frequency, and the entire pie represents the total relative frequency of 100%" (Bennett et al., 2003, p G-3).

This first chart displays the results of a 60-day survey to determine the amount of library users conducting searches within the nursing profession (Jones, 2006, p 1). Excellent citations throughout your paper. In this study qualitative data was analyzed to determine and measure user activity. The qualitative data was gathered using random sampling. A survey tool was developed to interactively collect information from library users.

Example 1

Note: Virginia Henderson International Nursing Library: A work in progress, 2006, retrieved from

Excellent chart!

Bar Graph

The second example of a graph is the bar graph. A bar graph is "a diagram consisting of bars representing the frequencies (or relative frequencies) for particular categories. The bar lengths are proportional to the frequencies" (Bennett et al., 2003, p G-1).

The second chart displays the ranking of formats containing risk information. In this study qualitative data was analyzed to determine client preferences for the presentation of complex risk information. The qualitative data was obtained using random sampling of 25 women by using hospital flyers and advertisements (Fortin, Hirota, Bond, O'Connor, & Col, 2001).

Example 2

Ranking of Graphical Formats Containing Risk Information

Note: Identifying Patient Preferences for Communicating Risk Estimates: A Descriptive Pilot Study, 2001, retrieved from


The last example of a graph to be discussed is a histogram. A histogram is "a bar graph showing a distribution for quantitative data (at the interval or ratio level of measurement). The bars have a natural order, and the bar widths have specific meaning" (Fortin et al., 2001, p G-2).

This last graph displays the amount of time that a physician is expected to spend with an average weight client versus an overweight client. In this study qualitative data was analyzed on how much time the physician believed they would spend with the client and changed to quantitative data in the form of numbers. The quantitative data appears to have been gathered using the convenience sampling of 122 primary care physicians with three major hospitals in the Houston, Texas (Hebl & Xu, 2001).

Example 3

Time Expected to be with Average-Weight and Overweight Patients

Note: Physicians' Reactions to Patient Size by Hebl and Xu, 2001, p 1, retrieved from


When people read a newspaper, a government study, or a corporation's annual report they are likely to see charts and/or grafts of statistical data. Charts and grafts can send a very powerful message to people. The use of images is able to make a more vivid image than trying to decipher a page full of numbers. The three examples presented are able to demonstrate this concept well. Nice conclusion.


Good research and excellent APA format.

Bennett, J., Briggs, W., & Triola, M. (2003). Statistical reasoning for everyday life, 2nd ed. Addison Wesley, a Pearson Education Imprint. Retrieved June 4, 2006, from

Fortin, J., Hirota, L., Bond, B., O'Connor, A., & Col, N. (2001). Identifying patient preferences for communicating risk estimates: a descriptive pilot study. Retrieved June 4, 2006, from

Hebl, M., & Xu, J. (2001). Physicians' reactions to patient size. Retrieved June 4, 2006, from

Jones, J. (2006). Virginia henderson internation nursing library: a work in progress. Retrieved June 4, 2006, from

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Statistics Chart and Graph Paper

    ...Chart/Graph Paper Kelly Preskorn HCS/438 Statistical Applications October 12, 2010 Lynn Bertsch Chart/Graph Paper “Data are summarized in a visual way using charts and graphs (Rumsey, 2010).” Some of the basic graphs used include pie charts, bar charts, and histograms. Pie charts used more for percentages, bar charts used ...

    Read More
  • Statistics Final paper

    ... Statistics BUS308: Statistics for Mangers Instructor: Learning Statistics Statistical data has become an item that we see all around us in our everyday lives, from television programs talking about selling products or politicians using data to show how they perform in their jobs, in hopes to be reelected. Throughout the course in Sta...

    Read More
  • statistic

    ...Trajico, Maria Liticia D. BSEd III-A2 REFLECTION The first thing that puffs in my mind when I heard the word STATISTIC is that it was a very hard subject because it is another branch of mathematics that will make my head or brain bleed of thinking of how I will handle it. I have learned that statistic is a branch of mathematics co...

    Read More
  • Statistics Paper

    ...0.465816327 Kurtosis 5.335286065 Skewness -1.916441174 Range 3.5 Minimum 1.5 Maximum 5 Sum 206 Count 49 Confidence Level(95.0%) 0.196039006 In both the Charismatic and the punitive condition data sets there were 49 people surveyed. We know this because we were able to use descriptive statistics to show the count and that shows the...

    Read More
  • Charts And Graph

    ...   Recognize the difference between grouped and ungrouped data Construct a frequency distribution Construct a histogram, a frequency polygon, an ogive, a pie chart,  Ungrouped data have not been summarized in any way • are also called raw data •  Grouped data • have been organized into a frequency distribution 42 ...

    Read More
  • Statistics

    ...techniques. Firstly we look at data analysis. This approach starts with data that are manipulated or processed into information that is valuable to decision making. The processing and manipulation of raw data into meaningful information are the heart of data analysis. Data analysis includes data description, data inference, the search for re...

    Read More
  • Ielts Vocabulary to Describe Charts and Graphs

    ...minutes Materials required:  One copy per student of Classroom Handout 1 & 2 Aims:  To introduce and practise vocabulary to describe charts and graphs in Part 1 of the Academic Writing test A1. Lesson Plan 1. Warmer: In pairs the students answer the following questions: “What type of music do you like?” ...

    Read More
  • statistics

    ...compliments the regular mathematics and therefore both are tested in primary schools. Mathematics is the written application of operation. It teaches students to think clearly, reason well and strategize effectively. Mental Mathematics is the ability to utilise mathematical skills to solve problems mentally. The marks scored by pupils generate s...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.