State Government Outline

Topics: Separation of powers, United States, Georgia Pages: 3 (775 words) Published: December 3, 2013
State Government Outline
The state government of Georgia is the United States governmental body established by the Georgia State Constitution. Georgia is a republican form of government with three branches legislative, executive and judiciary. The Georgia general assembly is the state legislature of the state of Georgia. It is bicameral consisting of the senate and the House of Representatives, The general assembly’s 236 members serve two year terms and are directly elected by constituents of their district. The general state constitution vests all legislative power in the General Assembly. The general assembly meets in the Georgia state capital Atlanta, Georgia In Georgia the executive branch is the largest with 99% of the state’s budget devoted to its activities. In doing so, the governor yields strong wields strong budgetary powers. Georgia has 14 Congressional districts, an increase in one seat following the 2010 United States’ Census. Executive Authority rests with the governor in the state of Georgia. The governor and the lieutenant governor presides over the senate while the House of Representatives selects their own speaker. They are elected on separate ballots to four year terms in office. Georgia recognizes all local units of government as cities so every incorporated town, no matter the size is legally a city. There are more than 25 executive departments in executive branch and hundreds of smaller boards, agencies and commissions. Legislative authority resides in the General Assembly, composed of the Senate and Representatives. The Lieutenant Governor presides over the Senate, while the House of Representatives selects their own Speaker. The Georgia Constitution mandates a maximum of 56 senators, elected from single-member districts, and a minimum of 180 representatives, apportioned among representative districts (which sometimes results in more than one representative per district); there are currently 56 senators and 180 representatives....
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