State and Federal Prison Systems

Better Essays
Topics: Prison
This paper will analyze the history of state and federal prisons; making a comparison and contrasting about of the different security levels that exist in state prisons and federal prisons. Also it will mention some of the reasons for growth in the state prison system.

State and Federal Prison Systems

Prison is a term describing the facilities used to incarcerate convicted individuals and penitentiary describes the type of building. The debate to inaugurate penitentiaries instead of prisons began in the eighteenth century in England with the idea to replace corporal punishment with imprisonment with the prospects of reforming the mind and body. These transformations of the penitentiaries had a positive result throughout the world and the rest of Europe (Jackson, 1997).

The theory started in 1787 when a group of well-known Philadelphians expressed their concerns of the conditions of the American and European prisons. Dr. Benjamin Rush, Father of American Psychiatry, proposed the idea to build a true penitentiary, designed to create genuine regret and penitence, which took 30 years to convince the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to start building (U.S. History, 2010). In 1822 John Haviland, British architect, designs and manages the construction of the Eastern State Penitentiary, which incorporated the principles of Quaker information.

The purpose of the penitentiary is aid in both spiritual and not religious, and to maintain humane punishment and refrain from the physical punishment that has occurred in the Western societies. Provide a clean and healthy institution and environment to prevent contamination of the body, mind, and spirit (Foster, 2006). Furthermore, the inmates in custody were separated from each other, total isolation with all the required amenities such as a working toilet, running water, and central heat. The only possession the inmates are to have is a Bible to learn the word of God and participate in honest hard work, such



References: Retrieved from: http://www.prisontalk.com Retrieved from: http://prisionesypenas.blogspot.com

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    State and Federal Prison Systems CJS/230 May 13, 2012 University of Phoenix State and Federal Prison Systems The United States has the highest, documented incarceration rate in the world (Wikipedia.2012.) Approximately 2.4 percent of the United States populations are currently incarcerated. Recently, there has been an estimated amount of 2,266,800 adults currently in prison in both State and Federal Prison Systems. In this paper, I will be talking about a State Prison System, “Louisiana State…

    • 1225 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    The State and Federal Prison System Axia College Both state and federal prison systems have a long history in the United States as well as a significant presence in modern times as the prison populations for both state and federal prisons continue to grow. State and federal prisons each have their own types of institutions and security levels and house different types of criminals due to their differing jurisdictions over state versus federal prisoners. This paper…

    • 2119 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    State and Federal Prison System CJS/230 In our prison system today there are state and federal prisons throughout the United States. Our prison system is based on the created of the nineteenth century prisons that were used. Prisons confined felons serving sentences longer than a year and those sentence to…

    • 609 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    State and Federal Prison Systems CJS230 Amanda Stasiewicz 05/17/2015 State prisons hold people who are arrested by local police and sheriff departments. Federal prisons hold people who are arrested by the federal bureau of investigations (FBI). The state and federal prisons have security levels for every type of prisoners. State prisons are run by the department of corrections while the federal prisons are run by the justice department. “The Federal Bureau of Prisons was created by an act of Congress…

    • 695 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Federal and State Prisons

    • 532 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Federal and State Prisons Deanna Snowden 06/02/2013 Dr. John Opinski Federal and State Prisons There are so many different types of prison systems in the world these days, it can go from a stay of one year to a stay of life without ever having the chance to have freedom back meaning life without parole. Once the words are uttered to someone that is something that can either break you or make you realize that, you have not only destroyed your life as you knew it but you have destroyed your…

    • 532 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Federal Prison System

    • 1528 Words
    • 7 Pages

    In the United States of America, the federal and state governments should share some power, while completely controlling others. Certain responsibilities have acquired traits that can only be provided for by the federal government, such as a national defense system. To run and maintain a standing military it takes an incredible amount of resources and manpower, as well as high-levels of leadership. However, there are other areas of policy that the states should control. The process of judicial…

    • 1528 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Federal Prison System

    • 2164 Words
    • 9 Pages

    The Federal Prison System Jesse Vohler 12-3 Smith Essay 24 Oct. 2011 Jesse Vohler 12-3 Smith 24 October 2011 Federal Prison System Essay The Federal Prison System Throughout history, the Federal Prison System has changed over the centuries. From hanging to lethal injections, the purpose of the prison system still remains the same. It holds as a chamber for those who have done wrong and break the law. Turning into a home for most inmates, death row would seem like the only way…

    • 2164 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    histories of the state and federal prison systems have some connections which both systems has something distinctive. The State is usually operated by the state governments and consists of prisoners that are considered blue collar criminals and the federal systems are mainly associated with white collar criminals. Both prison systems have security levels which include minimum, low, medium, and high levels of security. To learn the knowledge of the history about federal prison in so many different…

    • 328 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    History of State and Federal Prison According to "History Of State And Federal Prisons" (July 7, 2011), “State prisons are primarily operated by state governments. Overcrowding is a persistent problem in most state and federal prisons. By the end of 2001, state prisons were operating between 1 and 16 percent over capacity. This makes the prisons more difficult to operate, and puts the health and safety of inmates and staff at risk. The prison systems known today are based on eighteenth century Age…

    • 357 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    history of state and federal prisons is quite interesting. Long ago, prisons did not really exist. Prisoners were housed in jails until trial, discharge, or execution. Since that time, state and federal prisons have been introduced and utilized. State prisons were the first to be invented. Prison facilities house criminals sentenced to one year or longer of incarceration, (usually felons). State prisons are run by the government of the individual state they are located in and the federal government…

    • 268 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays