State and Federal Prison Systems
An example of a state prison system would be the Texas Department of Corrections located in Huntsville, Texas. This facility was established in 1849 and to this day is the headquarters of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Additionally, this facility became the control model in Texas prisons and emphasized farm work and strict discipline within a centralized bureaucratic environment. The growth of state prison populations is the result of “get-tough” legislation which sends more people to prison and keeps them there for longer periods of time. In my opinion, United States corrections professionals could solve the problem of exponential growth in state prison systems by implementing stronger rehabilitation programs. Upon entry in the state prison facility, inmates could be given an incentive to enter and complete one or more rehabilitation program depending on the degree of severity of the crime or crimes that the inmate committed. I believe that an inmate that sees a program to completion is possibly dedicated to changing their behavior in order to avoid becoming a repeat offender. States prisons have different security levels for each of its prisons. There are many factors that will dictate where an offender will end up such as type of crime, overcrowding, and behavior inside prison. The security levels in the state prison system are maximum security, close-high security, medium security, and minimum security. Maximum security are very large, hilled walled penitentiaries with extreme security measure. In maximum security prisons is where you will find the lowest ratio of inmate to guard ratio. Close-high security prisons are considered maximum security in some states around the country. Security measure’s here are not as intense as a maximum security prison but are still pretty strict. The ratio of inmates and guards is higher. Medium security prison are usually newer looking, smaller facilities with chained-linked...
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