Starvation and Malnutrition

Topics: Nutrition, Malnutrition, Starvation, Vitamin, Vitamin C / Pages: 5 (1115 words) / Published: Apr 26th, 2006
Starvation is the most dangerous form of malnutrition. Starvation is caused in many ways. For example, it can be caused by fasting, famine, anorexia nervosa, catastrophic disease of the GI Tract. The GI tract is known to be the tubular passage of the mucus membrane and muscle extended about 8 meters from the mouth to the anus.
Also, starvation can be caused by having a stroke or being put into a coma. Starvation and malnutrition are a death sentence. When someone is anorexic or starving, their body tissues will start to break down. This will cause your organs and muscle to shrink. Provided that it can cause you to become ill and you could possibly die. The most dangerous form of malnutrition is starvation. An average adult, who has fasted for 30 to 40 days, will usually lose 25% of their weight. The adult's metabolic rate will decrease, and the rate and amount of tissue protein will decrease about 30%. In more extended starvation, weight lose may reach up to 50% in adults and possibly more in children. Loss of organ weight is the worst in the liver and intestine, and the loss is usually moderate in the heart, kidneys, and the least in the nervous system. Emaciation, meaning to make one thin, is most obvious in the areas where noticeable fat deposits normally exist. As muscle mass shrinks, the bones will begin to push out. The skin becomes dry, think, pale and extremely cold. The hair is dry, sparse and will fall out easily. Moreover you will start to look and feel sick. A human who has been starved and is suffering from malnutrition are greatly affected. Achlorhydria, which is acid built up in the stomach, and diarrhea are very common if you are malnourished. Heart size and cardiac output are reduced. In fact your pulse slows down and the blood pressure falls along with the respiratory rate. The main endocrine upsetting is gonadotroph with loss of nutrients in men and women and abnormal menstruation in women. Men and woman who are suffering will lack emotion

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