Stanley Milgram was a social psychologist of the 20th century, born in the city of New York. He has made many contributions in sociology by writing and publishing many articles, but few of them for which Stanley is known for are ‘Obedience to Authority’, ‘Familiar Stranger’, and ’Small World Experiment’. Stanley Milgram was working as a psychologist at Yale University when he conducted his famous experiment on Obedience to Authority. In this experiment he engrossed on the conflict between individual conscience and obedience to authority of higher personnel’s. This experiment on Obedience to Authority began in the year 1961, that is a year after Adolf Eichmann trial held in Jerusalem (McLeod, 2007). Stanley created an electric shock generator which was marked with thirty switches ranging from fifteen to 450 volts. In this experiment there was a subject and a learner who were completely strangers to each other. As per the instructions, the subject was asked to teach the learner few pair of words. On making a mistake the subject has to punish the learner with an electric shock and for each mistake 15 volts higher than the last shock to be given. But in this experiment the learner actually didn’t receive any shock but it was pre-tapped audio which was played every time when the shock button was pressed. And the same tape said ‘continue’, ‘go on’ then the subject has to continue asking questions and give shock for every mistake. During this experiment of Milgram, few of the subjects displayed signs of tension and intense seizures. In this experiment 25 subjects out of forty continued giving shock till the end that is 450 volts and other subjects continued till 300 volts. The conclusion of this experiment was that around 3% people stopped giving shock and the remaining 65% continued giving shock which reflected the characteristic behavior of humans to do as they have been...
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