STANDARD FORMAT FOR SCREEN AND TELEVISION WRITING
1. Every screenplay or television script contains specific elements to identify particular needs, personalities and requirements of sequences conceived, written and eventually produced. This usually begins in determining WHERE A SCENE WILL BE SHOT. INT = Interior = scene to be shot inside a room or an enclosed venue EXT = Exterior = scene to be shot outside an enclosed area
I/E = Interior/Exterior = scene shot inside an enclosed area taking place outside such as a waiting shed, a moving vehicle, a gazebo, a roofed boardwalk, etc.
2. A particular location of a scene is also identified.
This can range from a general location to a more specialized and particular venue because of the requirements of the story. EXAMPLES:
DE LOS SANTOS RESIDENCE
OSPITAL NG MAYNILA
DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY
Some locations can be made even more particular:
BEDROOM, DE LOS SANTOS RESIDENCE
EMERGENCY ROOM, OSPITAL NG MAYNILA
MIGUEL BUILDING, DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY
If numerous scenes are taking place in the same location, then the writer has the option to be more particular in identifying the exact location.
MASTERS BEDROOM, DE LOS SANTOS RESIDENCE
CORRIDOR OUTSIDE THE MASTER’S BEDROOM, DE LOS SANTOS RESIDENCE DRIVEWAY TO EMERGENCY ROOM, OSPITAL NG MAYNILA
FACULTYU ROOM, MIGUEL BUILDING, DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY
The more precise a location is identified, the easier it is to map out of the geography of movements taking place within a screenplay.
3. The reference to time is also included in the headings of screenplays or plays meant for television. Scenes can occur at: DAY
But there are also scenes that happen within short time transitions. These are identified as: CONTINUOUS = Suggesting a continuous action
MOMENTS LATER = A time lapse has occurred but not of significantly LATER = a time lapse has transpired.
SIMULTANEOUS = actions are parallel with another sequence
4. Thus every script has the following scene heading to IDENTIFY the exact location and point in the time continuum where a chunk of action occurs in the larger telling of a story. Examples:
INT MASTERS BEDROOM, THE DE LOS SANTOS RESIDENCE - NIGHT EXT OUTSIDE THE MIGUEL BUILDING, DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY – DAY I/E JASON’S CAR, SKYWAY – DAY
5. In the event that two sequences succeed one another at the same TIME OF THE DAY but of DIFFERENT DAYS, this should be indicated in the screenplay.
EXT OUTSIDE THE MIGUEL BUILDING, DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY – DAY Followed by:
INT COMMUNICATIONS DEPARTMENT, DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY – ANOTHER DAY This way the two scenes, although occurring on a DAY schedule are differentiated in terms of date.
6. Each sequence is comprised of a heading followed by an ACTION. The action provides the instructions as well as lists down the characters being used by the sequence. EXAMPLE:
EXT OUTSIDE THE MIGUEL BUILDING, DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY - DAY Tahimik na naghihintay si JESSIE sa labas ng gusali ng pamantasan, dala-dala ang kanyang mga gamit para sa parating na pagsulit. Halatang kabado si JESSIE. Magugulat na lamang ito nang biglang sumulpot si MYRA, nagmamadali sa kanyang paglisan mula sa eskuwelahan habang kausap ang kaibigang si GINA.
Note: All characters PRESENT in the sequence will have their names in ALL CAPS. However, if a character is used as a reference and is not physically present in a sequence, his or her name should be written with lower cases.
INT MASTERS BEDROOM, BAHAY NG MGA DE LOS SANTOS - NIGHT Papasok ng madilim na silid si GEORGE. Tahimik na tahimik ang silid, ang tanging liwanag lamang nagmumula sa lamp sa night table. Malungkot si GEORGE. Suot pa niya ang damit na ginamit sa libing: ang kanyang puting kamisadentro ay may patch na itim. Tutungo si GEORGE sa night table. Kukunin nito ang larawan ni Susan. Pagmamasdan ni GEORGE ang photograph ng yumaong asawa: nakangiti pa...
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