Stalking has been around since the beginning of time. Men and women alike have been accused of such a crime cause they either can't get it out of their head that the other person does not want to have anything to do with them, or they are just obsessed with a stranger. It is just recent that they United States Government have decided to make stalking a crime in it self. This type of crime was labeled as harassment, annoyance, or domestic violence. It wasn't until the 80's and 90's that stalking cases were brought to the attention of the media and high political policy makers. I suppose that I should inform you as to the legal definition of stalking before I go any further with this paper. There really is no one definition, each state has the right to put down on paper their own definition of what they this is stalking. Most states will agree that stalking is a willful course of conduct involving repeated or continuing harassment or another individual that would cause a reasonable person to feel terrorized, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or molested, and that actually causes the victim to feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or molested. Basically this is saying that in order for there to be stalking, a person need to feel like their life is in danger, they are unable to lead a normal life cause of another person that won't leave them alone.
There are three main types of stalkers. The first one is the simple obsession type. This is probably the most common one consisting of 70 to 80 percent of all stalking cases. Most of these were brought on when a relationship of some type was terminated. This could have been a business relationship, neighbor, customer, dating or even a lover. These people are also seen as the most dangerous. In cases where the two people were dating or lovers, they become obsessed with getting the relationship back, not with the sexual aspect. This type of stalker has a low self-esteem and feels that their partner is the only positive thing in their life. They fear losing this person, for they become dependent on them for their support and sense of achievement. They literally feel that without this person being an active and positive part in their life that they are worthless. They do not realize that they are driving the person further from them, they think that they are helping the situation, and they feel that by following them or constantly calling them that their chances of getting back with that person are increased . The second type of stalker is the Erotomaniac. The delusion of this stalker is that the person is in love with them. The victim in this case is of a higher status than the stalker, and it is someone that is not necessarily known personally by the stalker. Efforts to contact this person are frequent, yet the stalker may keep this delusion a secret from others. The stalker feels that they are to rescue this person, whether or not they are in actual danger . The third type of stalker is the love obsessive. This profile is similar to that of the erotomaniac. The victim is usually someone that is found in the spotlight of the media, and in majority of the cases, the stalker does not know, and has never had a personal experience with the victim. The most important goal becomes to make the stalker known by the victim, whether or not they think that the person has feelings for them . Stalking is in no sense a new phenomenon, but laws against stalkers and laws protecting the victims were enacted only recently. The first anti-stalking law was passed in 1990 in California, making stalking a punishable crime. This law was passed due to the several instances that involved victims being killed by their reported stalkers. Before this law was passed, there was no legal action that could be taken to protect a victim of harassment or threatening. The only available option that lead to arrest was if the perpetrator acted on the threats that they...
Cited: 1. Heavy Hands, by: Denise Gosslin. Prentice Hall 2000. Pp. 316-326
2. National Call for Law Enforcement Stalking Protocol, by: David Anderson (6 Mar. 2000)
3. Top Ten Mistakes, by: Clairity Consulting. (6 Mar. 2000)
4. Stalker Definition, by: Zona. (6 Mar. 2000)
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