Stalin: Nep and the First Five Year Plan

Topics: Soviet Union, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin Pages: 8 (3334 words) Published: February 24, 2007
Before the nation of Russia became the international powerhouse that we knew as the USSR, it was first the small backwater country, whose economy ran on the use of serfs, Czar's ruled every aspect, and the chance of growth was limited; however, once the year 1917 came along, the entire aspect of what was to be the Russia nation changed into a very strange and new one, called the United of Soviet Socialist Republics. The Soviet Union was, at one point, second only to the United States of America and had the power to destroy the entire planet with the single acknowledgement of their leader, because of their nuclear capabilities and their political power. The Russian country became the great Communist powerhouse after a great revolution in 1922, when the provisional government was overturned and the Bolshevik leader, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, took power over the chaotic and backward country. Once the Communist's took power over the nation, they began to make sweeping changes that would, eventually, lead the people into a golden age, where Russia had true power and could sway other countries into joining them because of their great power; the hopes and dreams of a nation, that they would one day reach such great political and military might, were realized due to the surrender and defeat of Nazi Germany at the end of World War Two, because, before the war had started the Soviet Union hardly had any industrialization or protection for any for of mechanical or modernized fighting force; though, because of the actions and plans laid out by Stalin, the USSR was able to overcome and triumph over the technologically advanced nation. Along with the creation of the new state, new leaders and statesmen emerged from the great cauldron known as the Communist party, some of these included Lenin, Trotsky, and Stalin. Although there were many great leaders of the nation, this paper will consist of Stalin and what his impact on the Soviet Union was, as a result of the NEP and the Five Year Plans, first and second. The aspects of the first five year plan instituted by Stalin include the collectivization of farms and the peasantry, massive industrialization of the city and factories and a dramatic increase in the level of raw goods procured by the mines, farms, electricity facilities, and factories. As with war communism and the NEP, the Five Year Plan was introduced in order to provide the means with which to begin the rapid growth of the Soviet economy and industry; the reason for Stalin's want to industrialize his nation was due to the fact that at the end of 1926, it was predicted that it would take almost fifty years to catch up to other foreign economies. After the NEP ended, the first five year plan was initiated; the main points of the FFYP (First Five Year Plan) were the development of heavy industries and national defense. Was Stalin's introduction of the First and Second Five Year Plans the reason for the immense growth of the Soviet nation, or was it another nail in the coffin of the slowly dieing state? Due to the low level of development and stagnant economy, the Communists began to formalize a new type of economic policy after the realization that the previous one, War Communism, began to erode the already fragile nation; therefore, Lenin began to design and instigate a new policy called the New Economic Policy. The problem with promoting the NEP, was not the actual action there of, but was, in fact, the political ramifications of doing so; Communism is the policy of a centralized government, with no private ownership, and the New Economic Policy actually proposed that peasants would be allowed private ownership, there within held the problem. Many of the original and new Bolsheviks felt that the NEP would infringe on the basic Marxist-Communist policies and began to bring Capitalism back into Russia. However, as close as the NEP got to capitalistic idea's, it kept the fundamental heavy industries which were...

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