St Peter Basilica

Topics: Rome, St. Peter's Basilica, Pope Pages: 3 (1066 words) Published: December 11, 2010
St. Peter’s Basilica is a well known and is a major basilica in Vatican City. As a kid, I was always interested in seeing unique buildings that have a great structure and when I first come to the Archi155 class, I become more interested in learning and studying more about the unique and artistic building. And when I first see the photos of St. Peter’s Basilica, I was amazed with the beautiful and artistic structure of St. Peter’s Basilica, therefore, I decided to write a research paper about the St. Peter’s Basilica to be able to know more about the history of the church, the architectural side of the building and also to know more in depth about the uniqueness that the St. Peter’s Basilica have. The history of St. Peter’s Basilica starts from the fact that St. Peter’s Basilica is one major basilica in Vatican City. It was the largest church ever built because it covers an area of 23,000 m2 and has a capacity of cover 60,000. St. Peter’s Basilica remains one of the holiest sites in Christendom because ancient tradition stated that St. Peter’s Basilica was built where the first pope was crucified and buried. The history about St. Peter’s Basilica began from built in the time of the Emperor Caligula, Claudius and Nero. Nero was the Emperor who began the first great persecution of Christians in Rome. Under his rule of terror, many Christians were imprisoned and put to death here in the newly completed stadium ("Circus" in Latin). The stadium, about six hundred yards long, stretched from about the end of the Western wing of the Colonnade to well beyond the apse of the present basilica. St. Peter's place of crucifixion is traditionally marked as corresponding to the left hand wing of the basilica, more or less where the altar of St. Joseph is today. That was the first history to explain the Circus of Nero. Afterwards, the history continues to tell the stories about the St. Peter’s tomb. Some of his friends took Pete's body and buried it in the nearest cemetery. That...
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