Physiology, Exercise and Performance
Injuries in sport are a very common occurrence and vary widely between athletes across the world. With different sports come different injuries specific to that sport, they can vary in severity that can be from small pains and aches keeping the athlete out for a very short period of time or an injury which may keep them out for many months, and on occasions years. Common injuries include bruises, sprains, strains, joint injuries and nose bleeds. “Sports injuries are commonly caused by overuse, direct impact, or the application of force that is greater than the body part can structurally withstand.”. Injuries that occur suddenly, like a sprained ankle caused by an awkward foot placement, is known as an acute injury. Chronic injuries are caused by overusing the same muscle groups or joints. Poor technique and structural abnormalities can also contribute to a chronic injury being developed. Medical investigation of any sports injury is important, because you may be hurt more severely than you think. For example, what seems like an ankle sprain may actually be a bone fracture. Even things like dehydration can upset the body’s ability to support itself and in the end up may cause some sort of injury, this may be more relevant in hotter climates. There are some injuries that crop up more than others and are common among most sports, for example a cuts and bruises which are minor injuries but come from direct impact to the body, concussion; which comes from a bang to head and can sometimes require a doctor and a number of days rest. Also knee joint injuries are common too; as this is a main joint needed to run and can take a lot of strain when taking part in an active sport. Wearing improper or damaged clothing or protective gear can have an effect on how safe you are when taking part in an activity and can result in there being an opportunity to become injured. For example shin guards in football are there to...
References: Branch, S.M.A (2003, Better Health. [online] Available at http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Sports_injuries [Accessed 11th November 2013]
No Author, 2013. Your Fitness FAQ. [online] Available at http://www.yourfitnessfaq.com/why-is-it-important-to-warm-up-and-cool-down-in-a-workout.html [Accessed 18th November 2013]
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