sports injuries

Topics: Concussion, Injury, Injuries Pages: 10 (1889 words) Published: May 31, 2014


Sports Injuries in Adolescences
Crystal Williams
July 16, 2013
B. Lewis
KNES 215
Team & Lifetime Sports

Sports have been around for many centuries starting from Ancient Egypt to Ancient Greece and so forth. Over time sports have evolved into what we know and see them as today. Playing sports is all about hard work and dedication you can’t just quit anytime you feel like it or when it gets hard. You have to push through it in order to be great. Working hard can get you a long way it will help you be the best athlete you can be but it can also hurt you to. As we all know sport injuries do exist and it can either make you stronger or break you. Sports injuries result from acute trauma or repetitive stress associated with athletic activities. Sporting injuries are very common in individuals who play sports for a living and those who play sports for fun. While the benefits of exercise are essential components to a healthy lifestyle, excessive work outs can do more harm than good. Overuse injuries are the most common types of injuries in sports and are the result of repetitive trauma during exercise. Sports injuries can affect bones or soft tissue such as ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Depending on the type of injury and how serve it is it will either heal with the right treatment or end your career. There are many different types of injuries that can occur depending on the sport you play. Obviously, some sports are more dangerous than others. For example, contact sports such as football can be expected to result in a higher number of injuries than a non-contact sport such as swimming. However, all types of sports have a potential for injury, whether from the trauma of contact with other players or from overuse or misuse of a body part.

There are many types of sports injuries that you can encounter but about 95 percent of sports injuries are minor soft tissue traumas. The most common sports injury is a bruise (contusion). It is caused when blood collects at the site of an injury and discolors the skin. Sprains account for one third of all sports injuries. A sprain is a partial or complete tear of a ligament, a strong band of tissue that connects bones to one another and stabilizes joints. A strain is a partial or complete tear of a muscle (tissue composed of cells that enable the body to move) or a tendon (strong connective tissue that links muscles to bones). Inflammation of a tendon (tendinitis) and inflammation of one of the fluid-filled sacs that allow tendons to move easily over bones (bursitis) usually result from minor stresses that repeatedly aggravate the same part of the body. These conditions often occur at the same time. Skeletal and brain injuries fractures account for 5 to 6 percent of all sports injuries. The bones of the arms and legs are most prone to being broken. Sports activities rarely involve fractures of the spine or skull. The bones of the legs and feet are most susceptible to stress fractures, which occur when muscle strains or contractions make bones bend. Stress fractures are especially common in ballet dancers, long-distance runners, and in people whose bones are thin. Shin splints are characterized by soreness and slight swelling of the

front, inside, and back of the lower leg and by sharp pain that develops while exercising and gradually intensifies. Shin splints are caused by overuse or by stress fractures that result from the repeated foot pounding associated with activities such as aerobics, long-distance running, basketball, and volleyball. A compartment syndrome is a potentially debilitating condition in which the muscles of the lower leg grow too large to be contained within membranes that enclose them. This condition is characterized by numbness and tingling. Untreated compartment syndrome can result in long-term loss of function. Brain injury is the primary cause of fatal sports-related injuries. A concussion can result from even minor blows to the head. A...
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