Sports and Transgender

Topics: Transgender, Testosterone, Gender Pages: 6 (1433 words) Published: June 1, 2014
Huimin Son
5.21.14
Prof. Vergas
Research paper

Sports and Transgender
These days, trend of transgender is increasing because many people can easily alter and express their sexual orientation and sexual identification. Most people recognize transgender as normal people. Most people agreed that they should recognize transgender as normal people, and they should recognize men who changed his gender as women not men, and they also should recognize women who changed their gender as men not women. Transgender also do not want other people to treat them as special people. These days, most transgender get hormone therapy. After transgender gets hormone therapy, their body becomes opposite gender's body. Transgender does not have advantage against heterosexual playing sports. However some people still think transgender has more advantage over normal people.

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) allow transgender exhibits Olympic with gender that they changed, and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) set three rules about transgender.
"Fundamentally, though, it shows a lack of awareness of the current medical thought on the issue of transgender athletes. The overwhelming consensus is that after some period of time on hormone replacement therapy (HRT), transgender individuals should be allowed to compete in accordance with their legal gender. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) settled the issue of transgender athletes in 2004, when they released the rules for them to compete. It all boils down to three basic points: They must have had gender reassignment surgery. They must have legal recognition of their assigned gender. They must have at least two years of hormone therapy."

These rules are in place in order to give an equal opportunity to the athletes in the sport. By abiding to these rules and regulations, the use of stimulants or other drugs to improve the physical performance of an athlete is banned. For transgender athletes, the implications are simple. After the use of the hormone drug, the athlete may compete. From changing the gender, some people may think that the overall strength and performance of the athlete can change. But according to The International Olympic Committee (IOC) that doesn’t ban these athletes. In fact there are more stringent rules and regulations like drinking too much coffee an unfair competitive advantage for nearly 20years. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) also considers baking soda a potential doping agent. The International Olympic Committee(IOC) consider many common cough syrups, lozenges, eye drops, cold medications, diet products, nasal sprays, and allergy medications as unfair advantage; however, they do not think transgender is an unfair advantage. “The NCAA instituted somewhat less stringent guidelines in 2011. They do not require surgery, and they require only one year on testosterone suppression for male-to-female transgender athletes. The conclusions of the consulting medical experts on the NCAA policy were unambiguous: It is also important to know that any strength and endurance advantages a transgender woman arguably may have as a result of her prior testosterone levels dissipate after about one year of estrogen or testosterone-suppression therapy. According to medical experts on this issue, the assumption that a transgender woman competing on a women's team would have a competitive advantage outside the range of performance and competitive advantage or disadvantage that already exists among female athletes is not supported by evidence”.

Even the NCAA does not require surgery. They just require simple testosterone suppression for one year for a male to female transgender athletes. They explained according to medical experts on this issue, competitive advantage or disadvantage that already exists among female athletes. For example tennis player Williams has more muscle mass than Sharapova. Even Sharapova had 18 games with Williams, and...
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