Topics: Sociology, Obesity, Social relation Pages: 42 (11477 words) Published: July 31, 2014
The Social Benefits of Sport
An Overview to Inform the Community Planning Process

sportscotland Research Report no. 98

Professor Fred Coalter
Institute for Sports Research
University of Stirling

v1, January 2005

This research report is one of a series of reports and summary digests available on sportscotland’s website:
The research section is located at:

The report will be updated periodically as new information and data become available – updated copies will be flagged with revised dates and version numbers.

Professor Coalter has also developed the Value of Sport Monitor available on:
This monitor critically assesses research on the benefits of sport and summaries of key information are added regularly to the website where they are considered to be reliable.

Caledonia House
South Gyle
Edinburgh EH12 9DQ
0131 317 7200

ISBN 1 85060 475 4





Sport and Community Planning
Sport and the Nature of its Contribution


Sport, Fitness and Health
A Healthier Nation
The Social Nature of Sport
Sport and Mental Health


Sport, Young People and Education
Physical Activity, Sport and Academic Achievement
The Importance of Sport
A Step to Employment


Community Development
Social Capital and Active Citizenship
Sport and Social Participation
Developing Communities
Volunteering in Sport
Supporting and Encouraging Volunteers
Broadening Horizons


Youth Crime
Youth Justice Strategy
Diversionary Programmes
Integrated Development Programmes
The Importance of Sports Leadership
Which Types of Sport work Best?


The Economic Impact of Sport
Economic Benefits of an Active Population
Sport-related Consumer Expenditure
Sport-related Employment – National
Sport-related Employment – Local
Economic Impact of Sporting Events


The Challenge




The first of five principles that inform Sport 21 2003-2007 – the national strategy for sport is that:
“participating in sport can improve the quality
communities, promote social inclusion, improve
behaviour, raise individual self-esteem and

of life of individuals and
health, counter anti-social
confidence, and widen
(sportscotland, 2003, p7)

However, sport alone will not solve Scottish society’s ills. This document illustrates how, in conjunction with other factors, sport has the potential to contribute to society in general and aspects of community planning in particular. It shows that, in partnership with a range of organisations and agencies, sport can assist in the achievement of their policy objectives. In particular, in the context of local community planning, this document will demonstrate the extent to which sport may contribute to:

improvements in people’s physical and mental health, and well-being;

the promotion and enhancement of education and life-long learning;

the promotion of active citizenship;

programmes aimed at combating crime and anti-social behaviour; and

economic development.

Target 11 of Sport 21 is that by 2007 “every local authority area’s community planning process will have contributed to the targets of Sport 21 2003-2007”. The purpose of this document is to provide a balanced view of the evidence for the social benefits of sport that can inform the inclusion of sport in community plans.

sportscotland, January 2005


Sport and Community Planning
The Local Government in Scotland Act 2003 places a duty on local authorities to...

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