Tourism is a travel for recreational, leisure or business purpose. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people travelling from one place to another and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes. The importance of tourism, as an instrument of economic development and employment generation, particularly in remote and backward areas, has been well recognized the world over. It is a large service industry globally in terms of gross revenue as well as foreign exchange earnings.
Tourism can play an important and effective role in achieving the growth with equity. Tourism has the potential to grow at a high rate and ensure consequently development of infrastructure of the destinations. It has the capacity to capitalize on the country’s success in the services sector and provide sustainable models of growth. Tourism consists of two elements – the journey to the destination and the stay including the activities.
Tourism plays a significant role in promoting lasting or good friendship among the nations of the world and also states and regions within the nation, in bringing diverse people face to face, in widening social opportunities, in establishment of national identity and also leads to national integration, in leading to protection and better maintenance of historical monuments, in helping to revive and strengthen cultural heritages, in breaking down prejudice, suspicions that exist between nations or states and regions within the nation, in having social significance, to provide various job opportunities, in economic growth of not only nations but also various states and regions within the nation.
In recent years tourism in India has shot up at lighting speed. India has succeeded in becoming the most preferred place amongst domestic and overseas traveler. Tourism exposes the international traveler to India’s diverse culture. According to some official estimates Indian tourism has surpassed global tourism as far as penetration of foreign tourists and revenue is concerned. As far as internal reasons are concerned, India tourism has progressed due to the rate of growth of Indian economy. To develop the infrastructure the tourism industry has invested in latest equipments, international standard security systems and CRM tools.
Tourism is the largest service industry in India, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India witnesses more than 5 million annual foreign tourist arrivals and 562 million domestic tourism visits. The tourism industry in India generated about US$100 billion in 2008 and that is expected to increase to US$275.5 billion by 2018 at a 9.4% annual growth rate.
1.1.1 Types of travel
Leisure Travel- A group of people for recreational purpose. People refers to the travel by a family or a often travel to various destinations to relax from busy schedule. It includes all kinds of activities performed by an individual during his visit to a holiday destination.
Educational Travel- This involves travelling to an education tourism in order to gain knowledge. People who travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for more than twenty-four (24) hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.
Corporate Tourism- This includes the travelling of people for business purposes. People also visit the country to attend various trade fairs which are held throughout the country. This type of tourism is undertaken by business people sometimes individual or business people go on tour to satisfy their lust for traveling. They may sometimes mix business and leisure tourism in business tourism. Visiting Friends and Relatives- this refers to the travelling of people to visit persons related by close...
Hendrik-Jan Ottevanger (2007), Sports Tourism: Factors Of Influence On Sport Event Visit, Master of Arts in European Tourism Management Bournemouth University (UK).
Vimala Ko Sasi (2005), Sports Tourism In India, Journal of Sport Tourism, 10(2), pp. 135–138
Simon Hudson, Tom Hinch, Gordon Walker & Bonnie Simpson(2010), Constraints To Sports Tourism- A Cross Cultural Analysis, Journal of Sport & Tourism, Vol
Brett Smith & Mike Weed(2007), The Potential of Narrative Research in Sports Tourism, Journal of Sport & Tourism, Vol. 12, Nos. 3–4, pp. 249–269
Leonie Lockstone and Tom Baum(2008), Fun in the family: Tourism and the Commonwealth Games, International Journal Tourism Research 10, pp. 497–509
Sheranne Fairley and B
Monika Foszto and A.I. Kiss(2008), Future Perspective of Sport Tourism in Covasna County, serial I, vol. XIII (4), pp. 25-30
Please join StudyMode to read the full document