Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Case Study

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A 6-year-old female born with Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SED) was diagnosed with a complex deformity within her cervical spinal region. Her surgeon needed a biomodel detailing the cervical region of C0 to C1/2, which is the upper region of the spine and base of the skull. SED is an inheritable bone dysplasia causing abnormalities that are formed during birth. Characteristics of this bone dysplasia and SED include underdevelopment and fragmentation of the bone and cartilage of the epiphyses, which are the rounded ends or “heads” of the long bones, and underdevelopment of the vertebrae in the spine. Her physical symptoms included growth deficiency occurring before birth and continuing through childhood resulting in a disproportionate short

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