Now consider similes and metaphors; what semantic areas do they belong? What is the poet’s aim in using them? Simile compares soldiers to beggars because of appearance
(ragged, dirty) but also has connotations of being uncared-for, homeless, impoverished.
Simile compares soldiers to hags because coughing, slow, infirm as if they were old; also has negative connotations (ugly, witch). Simile describes sensations the reader may be more familiar with to show the pain the soldier is going through. Simile compares gas-covered landscape seen through a gas mask to a sea. Compares it to something the reader will be more familiar with. Conveys a sense of the extent and pervasiveness of the gas. Metaphor: flares are haunting because they look ghostly against the darkness, but also because the war is haunting the soldiers -they cannot escape it Metaphor: men are described as drunk because of the way they look, staggering and uncoordinated, but also because of the way they feel, confused and not alert.
Metaphor compares man suffering from gas to drowning, because the gas affects lungs. Also relates to the previous image of the sea.
This poem deals with the first world war and it reflects very good what happens when an army is going to fight. But what the poet wants to express is his dissaproval of wars, the negative thing that it is to die for your native country. It tells people not join any wars because it is too dangerous and it disrupts peoples lives. And is an utter waste.
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