The word, spina bifida is derived from two words; spina meaning spine, and the word bifida meaning split or divided. Spina bifida is a neural tube defect that occurs when an embryo’s spinal cord, the surrounding nerves and/or spinal column fail to develop. This usually happens during the first month of pregnancy.
According the article, Working with Spina Bifida, a professor by the name of Nicholas Tulp, “gave spina bifida its name and gave the first formative description of the disability.” This discovery is believed to have taken place between 1618 and 1652. It wasn’t until almost a century later that Giovanni Battista Morgagni, a famous Italian medical researcher and anatomist made the most significant discovery on Spina Bifida. In 1761, he proved the association of hydrocephalus and deformity with this disease
Spina bifida ranges in its severity, symptoms and outcomes. There are several types of spina bifida. There are three types of spina bifida that are most common. In these three, very different types of spina bifida the range of severity are widespread. The article, Spina Bifida, states that the characteristics of spina bifida depend on the severity and may include; no noticeable defect, a lump or cyst on the back, curvature of the spine, club or deformed feet, paralysis, lack of bladder and bowel control, hydrocephalus, and/or mental retardation. The three most common types are: Spina bifida occulta, Meningocele, and Myelomeningocele.
Occulta is Latin for the word hidden. Spina bifida occulta is the mildest form of spina bifida. This occurs when the outer part of a portion of the vertebrae is not completely closed. In most cases the split in the vertebrae are so small that the spinal cord does not protrude. There are usually no symptoms of this type of spina bifida defect. There may be a slight irregularity in the skin covering this area, such as a dimple or birthmark. Most people with this type of spina bifida are not...
"Spina Bifida." - Working with Spina Bifida. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Oct. 2013.
"Spina Bifida Fact Sheet." : National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Web. 05 Oct. 2013.
"Spina Bifida." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Jan. 2013. Web. 05 Oct. 2013.
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