Spina Bifida

Topics: Spinal cord, Spina bifida, Cerebrospinal fluid Pages: 2 (587 words) Published: July 12, 2010
1. Introduction:
A. Did you undergo a major surgery as a newborn? One out of seven out of ten thousand newborns undergo a major surgery because of a disease called spina bifida. B. A rare condition in which the backbone and spinal cord do not close before birth, mainly believed by a deficiency in folic acid provided by the mother. C. On average a toddler begins giving few steps at the age of 10 months; unlike a child with spina bifida it takes up to 2 years or maybe never

2. Body:
A. 1.Spina bifida is a developmental birth defect caused by the incomplete closure of the embryonic neural tube, in three different forms a. Some vertebrae overlying the spinal cord are not fully formed and remain unfused and open and if the opening is large enough, this allows a portion of the spinal cord to stick out through the opening in the bones which leads to the sac on the back. 2.Usually all patients who suffer from Spina bifida also have hydrocephalus which is an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain.

(Like medical doctor Michael Alexander said “Although nerve damage is irreversible, it can be treated by…”)

B. 1.… placing the spinal cord and its nerve roots back inside the spine and covered with meninges, and a shunt may be surgically installed (In the head) to provide a continuous drain for the cerebrospinal fluid produced in the brain for hydrocephalus. This surgery is usually always done right after birth. 2 A spina bifida patient usually suffers from incontinence, partial or complete lack of sensation and paralysis of the legs, and usually takes antibiotics to treat or prevent commonly urinary tract infections.

(Being said)

C. 1.My niece went through surgery on her 2nd day of life. Right after she was born she was flown to Driscoll Children’s Hospital in Corpus Christi, where she was held in the neonatal intensive care unit for three weeks. While in surgery she had her spinal cord placed back into the...
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