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Speech Outline Informative

By mramirez_amp Apr 21, 2015 1224 Words

Organizational Pattern:

General Purpose
To Inform.
Specific Purpose:
To inform the audience about the negative and positive effects of caffeine. Thesis Statement:
The purpose of my speech is to inform the audience about the negative and positive effects of caffeine. Caffeine has become pervasive in our society lately that every few months we hear or read about studies that indicate that it is bad for us or good for us. What are we to believe? Introduction

ATTENTION GETTER: How many of you here consider yourself caffeine addicts? How much coffee do you drink in a day? One, two, or more cups of coffee? What about caffeinated sodas? RELATE TOPIC TO THE AUDIENCE: Everybody at one point or another during the day drinks a cup of coffee. First thing in the morning we get our coffee pot ready and start brewing our morning coffee or just stop by the nearest Peet’s or Starbucks for our favorite latte or expresso. In today’s society caffeine has become so pervasive that every few months we hear or read about studies indicating that caffeine either is good or bad for us. What are we to believe? eSTABLISH CREDIBILITY: I drink a lot of coffee, so I was wondering how that might affect my health. It is something that I got interested due to some health problems I ran into some time ago. My symptoms made me research and therefore learn something about it. My search findings inspired me to use that same research and use it for my topic on which to base my speech today. State PURPOSE, Thesis & Main Points: The purpose of my speech is to inform the audience about the negative and positive effects of caffeine. Research has shown many benefits that you can get from coffee but there are also some that can harm your health. Today, I will talk about some of these harmful effects. I. MAIN POINT: The Negative effects of caffeine.

A. SUBPOINT: I will start with the negative effects of caffeine because it is largely dependent on how much you consume. My intention is not to change your caffeine consumption, but rather to inform you about what you are putting into your body. 1. According to a scholarly peer-review by Ja Young the following are some the negative effects: a. Drinking caffeine in large amounts leads to dependency and addiction. b. Analysis shows both psychological and physical symptoms of addiction which leads to similar traits as smoking addictions. c. In large amounts, caffeine can cause you to have headaches. 2. How much is too much? According to the Harvard Health Letter Caffeine IQ, taking more than 500 to 600 mg (four to seven cups of coffee) of caffeine is considered too much. Large consumption of caffeine can cause: a. Insomnia

b. Jitters
c. Nervousness
d. Irritability
e. Fast heartbeat
f. Muscle tremors.
B. SUBPOINT: Stopping caffeine intake suddenly can cause headaches. These however, can be cured by another jolt of caffeine. 1. Caffeine like alcohol, if taken with medication can be unsafe specially if taken with Antibiotics such as: a. Ciprofloxacin or (Cipro); tablets used only to treat certain types of urinary tract infections. b. Norfloxacin (Noroxin), used to treat certain types of infections, including infections of the urinary tract and prostate. 2 According to Caffeine IQ, most antibiotics if taken with caffeine may cause side effects such as: a. Concentration difficulties

b. Depression
c. Drowsiness and fatigue
Connective: So how much coffee is ok? It all depends on the amount you drink. Coffee is not all that bad, it is all about how much you drink. II. MAIN POINT: The Positive effects of Caffeine.
A. SUBPOINT: According to an article on the San Jose Mercury News about health, the Agriculture and Health and Human Services Department reported that caffeine is good for you. The article advised that we should be careful about what we add to it. The article recommends not adding calories with cream, milk, or added sugars. The report also advises against large-size energy drinks that are popular in the marketplace. In addition the report recommends that pregnant women limit their caffeine intake to two cups of coffee a day. Some coffees and teas have more caffeine than others. So what is the recommended intake of caffeine? 1. According to the Harvard Health Letter, Caffeine IQ. A daily intake of 200 to 300 mg (two to three cups) of caffeine is considered a safe amount 2. Then, if taking the recommended safe amount of coffee what are the benefits? According to the book Joy Bauer’s Food Cures, the book describes several benefits of drinking coffee. a. Coffee contains more antioxidants. Antioxidants fight inflammation, an underlying cause of many chronic conditions. b. Caffeine provides a short-term memory boost. Caffeine appears to affect the particular areas of the brain responsible for memory and concentration. c. Coffee is healthy for your heart. There is some evidence that coffee may support heart health by protecting against arterial damage caused by inflammation. B. SUBPOINT: According to a study from the Archives of Internal Medicine, Coffee, Caffeine, and Risk of Depression among Women, data taken from more than 50,000 women found that regular coffee drinkers were about 20 percent less likely to become depressed. This information comes as the latest evidence in a line of potential benefits from a cup of coffee. Some of the suggested benefits include: 1. enhanced intellectual function

2. decreased risk of type 2 diabetes
3. reduced rates of Alzheimer dementia
REState Thesis & Review Main Points: Since it may be challenging to understand what all of this means for you and your health, it is important to remember that coffee is a stimulant. Not only does coffee contain caffeine, but the bean itself has several compounds that affect the brain and the nervous system. Coffee also contains antioxidants, which may contribute to some of the health benefits. Concluding Purpose: How, when, and how much? There is a big difference between enjoying a cup of coffee in the morning, and having seven espresso shots to get you through the day. More is not always better; particularly when it comes to stimulants.  CLOSURE/CLINCHER If you are among the over 150 million Americans who start the day with a nice cup of coffee, you now can do it with a brighter smile tomorrow. Coffee appears to have some underappreciated health benefits and may well help stay off depression. Just enjoy it in moderation.

Bauer, J. (2007). Joy Bauer’s Food Cures. New York, NY: Rodale Books. Scholarly Peer-reviewed Journal Article:
Ja Young, J. (2013). EFFECT OF NEGATIVE AWARENESS OF COFFEE ON ITS PREFERENCE AND RECOMMENDATION INTENTION. Academy Of Entrepreneurship Journal, 19(3), 153-174. Caffeine IQ: How much is too much?. (2014). Harvard Health Letter, 39(7), 5. Magazine/Newspaper Article:

Jalonick M. 2015, February 20th. Healthful diet report:Sugary drinks out; coffee, more eggs in. San Jose Mercury News, Sec. 4, p. 2. Website (.org, .edu, .gov ONLY):
Eskelinen, MH & Kivipelto, M. (2010). Caffeine as a protective factor in dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. J Alzheimers Dis 20 Suppl 1: S167-74. Retrieved from Lucas M, Mirzaei F, Pan A, et al. Coffee, Caffeine, and Risk of Depression Among Women. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(17):1571-1578. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2011.393

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