Speech: History of Haiti
Purpose: To understand how Haiti became what it is and all the trials it has endured
Thesis: In order to explain Haiti’s history I will discuss its location, when and how it became independent and Haiti today and also its early history
Attention Getter: Who here has heard of the horrible plight of Haiti? Haiti has been through constant suffering everyday due to economic difficulty, lack of food, lack of clean water, hurricanes, and possibly everything that could go wrong with the world. I’m sure no one in their right mind would want to be there now but does anyone know how Haiti became as it is now. Well that’s what I’m about to tell you.
Preview: In order to understand the history of Haiti I must explain 1) its early history, 2) where it’s located and its population 3) when and how it became independent and Haiti today
[Transition: First let me explain a little about Haiti’s location and population]
I. According to The History of Haiti by Steeve Coupeau Haiti is a small country of some 17,398.39 miles 28,000 km².
1. Haiti was once a prosperous paradise but now is a disheveled wasteland
Haiti is located approximately 750 miles southeast of Florida and just to the east of Cuba. Haiti occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Haiti has a land mass of 10,714 sq. miles. Haiti, an Indian word meaning "mountains," is made up of extremely mountainous country of which only 20 percent of the territory lies below 600 feet. The highest mountain in Haiti (Chain de la Sel) is almost 9,000 feet above sea level. The climate in Haiti is tropical with average temperatures ranging from 80 degrees in January to 86 degrees in July. There are also two rainy seasons. The first runs from April to June and the second between October and November. The terrain is mountainous and only 15%is flat
Haiti is one of poorest countries out there due to
References: Watkins, Thayer (1991). Political and Economic History of Haiti http://www.applet-magic.com/haiti.htm Crawfurd, Jacob (2003) updated (2004). 200 years of independence for Haiti: The first black Republic http://crawfurd.dk/africa/haiti200.htm Laguerre, Eusau (2008). Independence of Haiti http://www.travelinghaiti.com/history_of_haiti/independence_haiti.asp Coupeau, Steeve (2007) the History of Haiti, the Pearl of the Antilles (pp. 1-3) Greenwood: Greenwood Publishing Group Léger, Jacques Nicolas (1907) Haiti, Her History and Her Detractors, (pp. 22) Michigan: The Neale Pub. Co. Richard A. Haggerty, Dominican Republic and Haiti: Country Studies, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1991. Bourne, Joel K.Jr (2008). National Geographic: Dirt Poor, (pp 108-111) Vol.214- No. 3