Topics: First aid, Burn, Skin Pages: 4 (995 words) Published: December 18, 2012
First-degree burns
Injuries are superficial / mild Swelling& redness of the injured area  Pain develops No blisters seen Burned area becomes white on touch Takes 3-6 days to heal      Treatment
Remove patient from heat source Remove the burnt clothing Run cool water over burnt area Gently clean the injured area Gently dry  Apply anti biotic such as Silver Sulphadiazine Use a sterile bandage to cover burns Take tetanus vaccination, if required      Second-degree burns

Burns extends to middle skin layer, dermis  Swelling, redness and pain observed Burnt area may turn white on touch Blisters develop, that ooze a clear fluid  Scars may develop Restricts movement, if injury occurs at joint Dehydration may occur Healing time varies, depends on extent of injury      Treatment

Clean the affected area thoroughly Gently dry Apply antibiotic cream over affected area Make the patient lie down Keep burnt body part at a raised level Skin graft may be required Physical therapy may be essential to aid mobility  Splints may be used to rest affected joints  Hospitalization is essential      Third-degree burns 

Damage occurs to all 3 skin layers Destroys adjacent hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings  Lack of pain due to destroyed nerves Injured area does not turn white on touch No blisters observed Swelling occurs Skin develops leathery texture  Discoloration of skin observed Scars develop  Crusty surfaces (Eschars) develop-impairs circulation  Dehydration occurs resulting in shock  Symptoms may worsen with time  Disfigurement may result  Healing depends on extent of injury  90% body surface injury results in death  60% injury in elderly, fatal       Treatment 

Requires immediate hospital care  Dehydration treated through intravenous fluid supply  Oxygen is administered  Eschars are surgically opened  Periodically run clean cool water over burns  Nutritious diet helps to heal quickly  Regular monitoring essential  Mental Depression treated by...
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