top-rated free essay


By Parismccatty Dec 05, 2012 632 Words
A Brief Guide to Successful
Public Speaking
You can use this guide to prepare for your fi rst speech and as a checklist for all the speeches you give in your public
speaking class. You can also use the guide as a handy
reference for speeches you give aft er college.
Presenting a speech involves six basic stages:
1. Determining your purpose and topic (Chapter 4)
2. Adapting to your audience (Chapter 5)
3. Researching your topic (Chapter 6)
4. Organizing your ideas (Chapter 8)
5. Practicing your speech (Chapter 12)
6. Presenting your speech (Chapter 12)
Th ese stages blend together—they’re integrated parts
of a whole, not discrete units. For example,
■ As you’re analyzing your audience (stage 2),
you revise your topic focus (stage 1).
■ What you fi nd out about your audience (stage 2) will
infl uence how you research your topic (stage 3).
■ When practicing your speech (stage 5), you may
decide that the fl ow of your ideas won’t work for
your audience (stage 2), so you go back and
modify the organization of your ideas
(stage 4).
Although public speaking may seem to be all about
presenting, most of a successful speaker’s work takes place behind the scenes, well before the speaking event. Let’s go through each activity in the speechmaking process.
1. Determine Your Purpose and Topic
a. Decide on your overall goal, or the general purpose
of your speech.
• First speeches in a public speaking class usually
aim to inform or enhance listeners’ knowledge
of a topic. Example: In introducing a classmate,
you’d want your audience to learn a few key bits
of information about the person.
• Some fi rst speeches seek to entertain listeners
by sharing anecdotes and using humor. Example:
In introducing yourself, you might tell your
audience a funny story about your summer
• Speeches to persuade focus on infl uencing people’s
behaviors, values, or attitudes. Example: Trying to
convince audience members to exercise regularly
involves persuasion.
b. After you’ve identified the speech’s general purpose, choose your topic.
• Sometimes your instructor will assign a topic for
your fi rst speech, such as introducing yourself to
the class.
• In other cases, your assignment may be more
broad, like informing the audience about an
important campus issue.
• Pick something of interest to you that you think
will appeal to your audience too.
2. Adapt to Your Audience
a. In choosing a topic, keep your audience in mind so
your speech will interest them.
• In-depth research allows you to design a speech
tailored to your audience.
• You probably won’t be able to do in-depth research
for your fi rst speech, but just looking around
the classroom gives you some clues about your
audience. Demographic characteristics such as
ethnic background, age, sex, and educational
level tell you a lot. Example: If you wanted to
give a speech about aff ordable housing in your
community, you’d probably want to approach
the issue from the point of view of renters, not
landlords, because your student audience is far
more likely to rent than to own their own home.
b. Adapting your speech to your audience means that
you apply the information you’ve gathered about
them when designing your speech.
• Target your message to this particular audience at
this particular time and place.
• Use audience-centered communication that
engages your listeners and helps you achieve your
goal for the speech.
• You want your audience to feel as if you’re
speaking directly to them.
3. Research Your Topic
a. You have many sources of information for
your speech topics.
• Common sources are books, websites, magazines,
newspapers, government publications, and
interviews with individuals.
• But begin with yourself and what you already
know about the topic.
b. Once you’ve identified your knowledge base, seek
out additional sources of information

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Speech

    ...prepared for my first speech, I knew my research very well and felt like my arrangement and flow throughout the speech was well organized. If I had to change a couple of things I would definitely change my emotional approach. I felt like I didn’t change my tone of voice. I think that was the case because I was nervous coming into my speech and...

    Read More
  • Inspirational Speech for school elections

    ...WRIITEN TASK 1: SPEECH AFTER ELECTION VICTORY Good morning respected Principal, teachers and students. I stand here in front of you all today, being bolder and more debonair than ever before. It is because you have given me power to run and be part of this school’s engine. I stand with pride as the new School Captain of this prestigious in...

    Read More
  • Informative Speech

    ...What if a speaker had an important topic that they needed to get across to their audience? How would the speaker go about it and what type of speech would the speaker choose. Well chapter 13 contents the creative process for informative speaking. What informative speaking is how to choose a focused informative topic, how to conduct a research an...

    Read More
  • Informative speech

    ...PERSUASIVE SPEECH PREPARATION WORKSHEET Name Alexia Higginbotham Section ___________________________________ 1. What is the topic of your speech? ______________Eating healthy____________________________________ 2. Are you speaking on a question of fact, value, or poli...

    Read More
  • mlk speech

    ... Mlk’S” I HAVE A DREAM SPEECH” ASSIGNMENT Identify the following: THEME Speech Type Main Points Sub Points/Support Evidence Style of Speech/Delivery Language Delivery Martin Luther King’s I have a Dream Speech provides you an opportunity to use “Critical Thinking” in analyzing the dynamics o...

    Read More
  • The Welcome Speech

    ...The Welcome Speech is must in a formal meeting. It is normally the president who delivers the welcome speech or the welcome address as it is formally known. Some guidelines : 1. Salutation : This is the first formal speech in a meeting. It is the duty of the speechmaker to start building a bridge between the audience and the people on th...

    Read More
  • Informative Speech Tips

    ...Informative Speech Requirements Objective: To construct a well-written informative presentation following the criteria below and effectively presenting to an audience. I have provided you with the informative outline template that I expect you to use for this speech. I will also provide you with sample informative speeches in class so that y...

    Read More
  • DBT 5 Persuasive speech

    ...word is created out of the phonetic combination of a limited set of vowel and consonant speech sound units. These vocabularies, the syntax which structures them, and their set of speech sound units differ, creating the existence of many thousands of different types of mutually unintelligible human languages. Most human speakers are able to commu...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.