Sparta

Topics: Sparta, Ancient Greece, City-state Pages: 4 (837 words) Published: March 15, 2015
Address the reasons of success behind Sparta’s reign.
When speaking of Ancient Greek warriors for many the ideal and mental illustration of red cloaks, long hair, longer spears and bronze helmets sparks to mind. Based through the entertainment factors of Hollywood and archaeology many individuals know the brilliance of the warrior society of no other than Sparta. (2nd SLIDE TURN) We can see here the representation of the stereotypical ideal of a Spartan. But what grants this nation this profound ideal of strength, who are they? And more importantly what truly is Sparta? To understand the depths of time one must start from the beginning. The Greek mythology behind Sparta told that the founder of the city was Lacedaemon, a son of Zeus, who gave his name to the region and his wife’s name to the city. Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia. Its ancient settlement was situated in the fertile Eurotas valley of Laconia in the southeast Peloponnese. The area was first settled in the Neolithic period and an important settlement developed in the Bronze Age. Archaeological evidence, however, suggests that Sparta itself was a new settlement created from the 10th century BC. (3RD SLIDE TURN) Its geographic nature allowed for fertile grazing grounds for animals as well as dense quality ground for agricultural success. Therefore their diet was nutritious and effective aimed to produce strong, tall, healthy men/women. The diet would consist of Barley, staple grains, large varieties of fruits and Veg, cheese, fresh water but rarely fish and game meats.

Spartan society consisted of 3 levels of authorial order; The Spartans, or Spartiates which means self-restrained, simple, frugal and austere, these individuals were full citizens. Secondly there were the Helots, or slaves; who many today say were communally key to the success of the society who were most often captives...
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