History invisible armada (Spanish armada)
In January 1588, Philip II sent a serious message to the Castile, the assembly in which the representatives of cities gathered: "You know all the business in which I have set for the service of God and increasing our holy Catholic faith and benefit of these kingdoms [...] This requires very large and overspending, because it does not go unless the security of the sea and the Indies and even their own homes. ""Enterprise" to which the king was referring to was nothing less than an invasion of England, aiming to overthrow Queen Elizabeth and finish with the support it provided to the Protestant rebels of Flanders, at war with Spain for some twenty years. For this Felipe II had met in Lisbon a giant armada: 130 warships and transport, with a crew of 12,000 sailors and 19,000 soldiers. Commanding a prestigious Andalusian aristocrat, the Duke of Medina Sidonia was. Their mission was to reach Dunkirk, on the shores of Spanish Flanders, 27,000 soldiers embark Spanish troops stationed there and launch the invasion. In late July 1588, the Navy entered the English Channel. The British were alerted and sent their warships to harass from the flanks. For several days the Spanish fleet sailed while shelling of little consequence succeeded. On 6 August he anchored off Calais, about 40 kilometers from his goal, having lost only two galleons.
The battle in the Canal:
The English, determined to prevent the landing, launched in the early morning of 8 August 8 fireships (burned boats) against the Navy, forcing her to weigh anchor at full speed, causing confusion and dispersion of the fleet. Although no ship caught fire, many lost their anchors and rigging or suffered damage to the rudders, bats or the sails. His maneuvers were very slow, given the large overhead carrying. The next day the scattered units were surrounded by English ships and suffered a major bombardment, which sank five Spanish ships and caused 1,500 deaths. Spanish galleons might just return fire if they did little damage. As if that were not enough, the morning of August 9 winds and currents had launched the Hispanic fleet off the Dutch coast, while the British watching the spectacle from afar. The situation was desperate. The best infantry in the world was locked in those vessels unable to fight and sentenced to die. Luckily for Spanish, the wind shifted suddenly and the Navy could enter the open sea, but followed the enemy.
The fleet had been saved, but the projected invasion was impossible. Certainly the 'Armada', as the ironically named the inglesa- advertising had not been defeated. There had been no landing or approaches, or melee ... In fact there had been a battle, only gunfire and violent winds, and the fruit of all this was reduced to seven or eight sunken ships and 1,500 deaths mentioned. On the English side, it is estimated that the casualties were a few hundred.
However, in the afternoon of August 9 the wind continued away from the Flemish coast to the ships, and made it impossible to contact thirds should run the invasion. In addition, many ships had breakdowns and generally lacked ammunition to deal with guarantees a squad like English, which could replenish their ports. In this situation, the Duke of Medina Sidonia summoned the captains of the fleet to a council of war to decide what should be done. Such was the disappointment that some even suggested surrender to the enemy; other captains, however, intended to fight to the bitter end: "We returned to the Canal and they execute what our king commanded us." Finally it was agreed that if the wind was blowing against the fleet would undertake the return to Spain. And indeed, the next day, August 10, "the return to Spain across the Armada was published."
Everyone knew that this return would not be easy. To avoid further clashes with the British, the northern route would follow, along the coasts of Scotland and Ireland and then descend to La Coruña. It was...
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