By Mahbube Adem
The Cold War
Cold war was an era of conflict, tension and
competition between the United States and the
Soviet Union. It started in mid-1940s and lasted till
the early 1990s.
One of the ways the two superpowers competed was
the Space Race.
The Space Race was initiated on October 4, 1957 by
the Soviet Union, when they launched Sputnik 1.
The launch caused a huge shock to the United
States. It was through that the United States was no
longer safe behind its ocean barriers. The Soviet
Union could launch missiles directly on United
The Space Race
April 12, 1961 the Soviets launch another
satellite, Sputnik 2. This time they were able to
put a dog in orbit around the earth. The flight
lasted for 1 hour and 48 minutes.
The first step that the United States made in
catching up to the Soviets was in the successful
launch of Alan Shepard into space on May 5,
Then President Kennedy gave a speech on May
25, 1961 which challenged to travel to the moon
by the end of the decade, congress fully funded
NASA to get this accomplished.
USA vs. USSR
While both sides were advancing in
technology at the same time they had a
USA: The first Apollo mission on January
27, 1967 was a tragic failure.
USSR: 1967, a Soviet spacecraft, Soyuz 1
was landing and had control failure then
crash landed. As for the passenger,
Cosmonaut Komarov, he was unable to
survive the crash.
The United States During the
Attempts to launch
ultimate goal: The
The Soviet Union During the
Vostok series of
Soyuz series or
Winner of the Race
On July 20, 1969 the crew of Apollo 11 landed on the
Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the
first men on the Moon.
Though the landing on the moon ended the Space
Race, NASA and the Soviets continued to develop
their space technology and began working on a
project, Apollo-Soyuz which eased tensions between
the two nations.
The success of Apollo-Soyuz mission essentially put
the Cold War on hold long enough for the two rival
nations to prove that they could successfully work
First Time Space Achievements
SOVIET UNION FIRSTS
Dog in space
Man in space
woman in space
Three man crew
UNITED STATES FIRSTS
Leave Earth orbit
Orbit the moon
Land on the moon
Summary of the Space
A tough rivalry that ended with benefits
for each side.
Started on October 4, 1957.
Ended on July 20, 1969.
Many technological achievements were
What was the name of the two men that
landed on the moon?
What was the name of the first satellite
launched into orbit?
The space race was part of what war?
Which country first put a manned
spacecraft into orbit?
What was the name of the program that
helped to develop a lot of the technology
for the Apollo program?
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