Space and Plant Landscape Architecture

Topics: Space, Landscape architecture, Landscape Institute Pages: 14 (2495 words) Published: June 23, 2013
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

CONCEPTS IN LANDSCAPE PLANNING AND DESIGN

LANDSCAPE DESIGN

– BASIC ELEMENT - PLANT

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANTS

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

PLANT MATERIALS Significance • Provide a touch of life and beauty in an environment • Varied elements: size, form, color, texture, and overall character •Provide a feeling of nature within an environment • Provide relative softness in a controlled, rigid environment • Has a quality of irregularity • Maintenance are required LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

Functional uses of plant material • Provide the visual qualities • Can provide other functions, Create space or outdoor rooms Block unsightly views - screens Stabilize steep slopes Direct movement through the landscape Visually unify a group of building Modify exposure to sun and wind • Can solve a number of environmental problems Environment Clean the air Retain moisture in the soil Prevent erosion and loss of soil Regulates Air temperatures Provide habitats for birds and animals LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

Architectural uses of plant material Organization of outdoor environment Create outdoor space

1. Creation of space • Created by modifying ground plane, vertical plane, overhead plane both individually and collectively • Ground plane- ground cover or low shrubs may imply spatial definition through variations in height and material

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

Vertical plane- can influence the perception of space in several ways : • Tree trunks act as vertical columns • The degree of enclosure will vary with the size of the trunks, their density of massing, and their pattern of arrangement • The foliage mass of plants, the density and height of the foliage mass affects the quality of the space • The taller the plant and the larger and more closely its leaves or needles are spaced, the stronger the feeling of enclosure • Enclosure is to occur with seasonal variation

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

The overhead planethe foliage mass and branches in the canopy of trees • Create ceilings over an outdoor space, • Limiting the view to the sky • Affecting the vertical scale of the space • Trees are placed so strong; canopy overlaps shutting out exposure to the sky

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

Collectively, as outdoors room • The degree of perceived enclosure varies with The relative height of the surrounding vegetation Its spacing, density, and The position of the viewer relative to the surrounding vegetation • A space feels very enclosed when the encircling plant materials are Tall, dense, tightly spaces, and Placed close to the viewer

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

Basic spatial types created with plants Open space • • • Using only low shrubs and ground cover A space is airy, outward- oriented, lacks privacy, and Is exposed to the sun and sky

LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

Basic spatial types created with plants Semi open space • Partially enclosed on one or more sides with taller plant materials acting as vertical walls blocking views into and out from the space Similar to the completely open space but is less transparent while strongly oriented to the open sides Appropriate for a residential terrace where privacy is required in one direction but views are desired in another LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE





LANDSCAPE DESIGN – BASIC ELEMENTS - PLANT

Basic spatial types created with plants Canopied space Using a mass of shade trees with a dense canopy Has a feeling of breadth sandwiched between the overhead...
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