The USSR stands for Union of Soviet Socialist Republics consisting of Russia and the surrounding countries. It was founded five years after the Russian Revolution. World War II lasted six years and almost all the countries of the world were engaged in it. It was a war between the Axis Powers (mainly Germany, Italy, and Japan) and the Allies (mainly England, U.S., and USSR). But today I will be focusing on the Soviet Union. They played a very dramatic role in the war and more people should know about it.
The Great Patriotic War started a few years after the Depression in the 1930s. Stalin (dictator of Russia), feared an assault by Hitler, therefore, he agreed to sign a Non-Aggression pact between the two countries. The pact was a secret and it stated that neither nation would attack the other. Unfortunately, Hitler broke the pact one and a half years later. On June 22, 1941, the Nazis army invaded the USSR in a secret operation called Operation Barbarossa. Stalin was taken by surprise. Hitler had planned the attack very well. His plan was to penetrate Soviet lines and get deep in the rear, and then encircle the Soviet army. It almost worked. However, Hitler continuously changed his mind on where to attack. With his hesitation, he lost a big amount of time. Stalin, taking advantage of the situation, signed a neutrality pact with Japan to ensure peace on the eastern border. On November 15th, the Nazis were within 15 miles of Moscow (the capital of Russia). They were about to attack when winter came at full force. The Nazis ran out of supplies and retreated. The Soviets began counterattacks. Yet, as heavy snow came in, the two sides had no choice but to dig trenches and wait the winter out. Meanwhile, the Allies began to ship supplies to the Soviet Union. The USSR became more powerful with foreign aid.
As Soviet power increased, Hitler began to develop mistakes. For example, he wanted to protect his only oil field, the Rumanian oil field. He believed that...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document