Southern Colonies vs New England Colonies

Good Essays
Early life in the Americas consisted of great diversity as well as some similarities between colonies. During the colonial time period from about the 1600’s through the 1700’s, the thirteen original colonies were founded and divided among three major sections known as the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. The New England colonies consisted of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire. The Middle colonies contained New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. The Southern colonies included Virginia, Maryland, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. Geography was a primary influence on the colonial way of life. The New England colonies and the Southern colonies vary geographically because the New England colonies were located in the Northern region while the Southern colonies were located in the South. Their differing regions led to different lifestyles. Geography affected how the regions developed economically and socially. The New England colonies and the Southern colonies differ in a variety of economical and social ways although they share some similarities.

Geography impacted the development of the thirteen original colonies. The New England colonies had cold winters, rocky soil, mountains, forests, rivers, and natural harbors. The rocky soil made fertilization hard. The forests, rivers, and natural harbors provided the New England colonies with other ways to survive. These geographic disadvantages and advantages shaped the economy of the New England colonies. The New England colonies had a diverse economy. Their economy included small-scale farming, fishing, fur trade, shipbuilding, lumbering, trade and commerce, crafts, and industry. New England was run by manufacturing. Trade, lumber, and fishing were the primary source of income. Although farming was the most common occupation, New England colonies became the center of colonial shipping, with major ports at Boston and Salem.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    The New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies are all different in many ways. They have many differences that differentiate those of the other colonies.…

    • 270 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    There were a lot of differences between the 3 colonies. Economic activities were dependant of the environment in which the Colonists lived . The geography and climate and other important factors in the Thirteen Colonies impacted the economic activities of each of the 3 colonies. of the Thirteen Colonies - the Northern Colonies of New England concentrated in manufacture focussing on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum. The Southern Colonies focused on agriculture and developed the Slave Plantations by bringing tobacco, cotton, indigo, rice, sugar, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock. The Middle Colonies also brought agricultural products and natural resources but were also able to manufacture iron are products like plows, tools, kettles, nails and large blocks of iron which they exported to England. In the early years of what later became the United States, Christian religious groups played a good role in each of the British colonies, and most tried to enforce strict religious observance through both colony governments and local town…

    • 357 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Let’s start off with New England, New England’s Harsh rocky soil made farming difficult, led to subsistence farms. New England’s Land was also granted to a group and towns were subdivided among families. New England also had Fishing including whaling. New England had Shipbuilding and small-scale factories. New England includes Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire.…

    • 136 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    In early America there were several colonies but the ones that stood out the most were the New England Colonies and the Virginia colony. There were many differences, for example, New England colonies were full of families while the Virginia colony was mostly dominated by males. They mostly had differences and had few things in common.…

    • 536 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    What were the similarities and differences in the founding of the northern and southern English colonies? The major similarity of the founding of each colony was the reasoning the people were coming over in the first place. They were all looking for better lives economically. The differences were the northern colonies were mainly looking for freedom politically and religiously. The southern colonies were just looking for an all-around better scale of life. The people from the southern colonies came over with adventure on their minds instead of religion or politics.…

    • 346 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Thirteen Colonies

    • 536 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The colonial regions were also characterized based upon their economy. The colonies all took part in trade: the New England colonies were a part of the triangular trade, the Southern colonies traded goods with the natives there, and the Middle colonies traded fur and grains. Unlike the Southern and Middle colonies, the New England colonies had very poor soil therefore they did not have major crop profits. The Middle colonies had the cash crop of flour, and the Southern colonies grew rice and tobacco on plantations as well as indigo. Shipbuilding was a major industry of the New England colonies, lumbering and mining were important to the Middle colonies, as cash crops and fishing were to the Southern. Economics are used to compare and contrast the colonies.…

    • 536 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the 17th century, there were two colonies in North America of the East Coast. The colonies were known as the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies. The New England colonies included of Connecticut, Colony of Rhode Island, Providence Plantations, Massachusetts and Province of New Hampshire. The Chesapeake colonies consisted of Virginia and Maryland. These colonies were settled in by Englishmen with similar resolutions and ethnicities and faced similar obstacles. But these colonies became two distinct colonies with different purposes and different outcomes.…

    • 567 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    1. The New England colonies were characterized by greater social stability than both the southern and middle colonies. They were different mainly because of their geography. Unlike the New England colonies, the southern and middle colonies were far apart and had created their own individualistic societies when they settled, because they were so spread out. The New England colonies were very close together due to their mountainous geography so it was easy for them to maintain contact and have an organized government.…

    • 1418 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Differences between the three colonies are distinct. The New England and Middle colonies acquire an identical social structure compared to the South, which has slaves and indentured servants. The New England and Middle colonies dislike discrimination because of their lifestyle, which designates man as equal in God’s eyes. Another dissimilarity is religious toleration. Although the New England colonies have an equal social structure, they do not endure those who possess a different faith other than a Puritan lifestyle. The Middle colonies possess a strong certitude for religious freedom. This is shown in their welcoming of other people of different faiths. The South also possesses some form of religious toleration for others. The economy of the colonies is also different. The New England colonies have a manufacturing type of economy because of the infertile land compared to the Southern colonies, which has a farm-based economy. The environment impacted the economy and agriculture in the New England Colonies; farming was not as important for making a living because of climate and geography. The environment also impacted the economy and agriculture of the Southern Colonies; farming was an important way to make a living because of its climate and geography. The differences between the New England Colonies and the Southern Colonies in agriculture included the climate and geography. The New England Colonies looked to their natural resources as a way to make a living; the environment forced them to look for other ways to make a living other than farming. The Southern Colonies didn't develop all their natural resources as a way to make a living; there was excellent soil for farming income, so there was no need to develop natural resources for manufacturing. The differences in manufacturing occurred between the Southern Colonies and the New England Colonies: The Southern Colonies developed their main natural resource, their farmland, and not much manufacturing; the…

    • 483 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Ap Us Summer Crap

    • 308 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The land on which the New England colonies were situated was rocky, heavily forested, and therefore, not suited for planting. The cold climate did not help. As a result, New England's economy did not depend on the land as much as other colonies did. Instead of making their living by farming, New Englanders were loggers, fishers, whalers, and shipbuilders.…

    • 308 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Many settlers who came to the New World from Britain in the early seventeenth century sought to establish a settlement for motives including economic and religious freedom in areas such as Chesapeake Bay colonies that comprised of Virginia and Maryland colonies and the New England colonies that consisted of Connecticut, Maine, and Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. Settlers who often came to these regions came with varying motivations, settled into different regions that had varying geographies, and encountered different circumstances. Through the passing of time, these particular distinctions would contribute into casting the two regions into two distinct societies. While those who settled…

    • 1059 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The New England colonies and the Southern colonies are slightly similar in some aspects, but drastically different in most. For example the new england colonies were strictly puritan and they did not tolerate any other religion but the southern colonies were not dominated by a single religion which gave way to more liberal attitudes and some religious freedom. The economy of New England was powered mostly the manufacturing in factories, whereas the Southern colonies’ economies were more agriculturally based. The social structures were different, because the New England colonies didn’t believe in slavery, so the social ladders were not the same. Religious tolerance was another major difference in these two regions. Overall the New England and Southern colonies are slightly similar, but their differences set them apart from each other.`…

    • 548 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    During the early 16th century and into the early 17th century, European colonies rapidly colonized the newly found Americas. England in particular sent large groups to the east coast of North America to two separate regions, which would later become known as the Chesapeake and New England areas. The Chesapeake region included Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and the New Jerseys. The New England region of the colonies included Rhode Island, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay Colony, New Haven, and Connecticut. Eventually in the late 1700’s these two regions would come together to form one nation. Both regions were very different and did not share many common ideas. They were different in their views and beliefs on religion, economy, and motives for colonial expansion.…

    • 713 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    There are many similarities and differences between the three colonial regions in economic, religious and political in how things were done. New England is the most northern colony. Their entire economy is mainly shipbuilding and transportation. Although they also participated in the fur trade and fish industry. The colonists settled all because of religious freedom. Most of them are the Puritans. New England's family is very close, they have a lot of members, they are hardworking people, most of the colonies are charter colonies such as Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. The middle colony is between New England and the southern colonies. They have good farmland, good rivers and ports. Did a little colony in the economy. They breed…

    • 237 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The middle colonies, (New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jersey), they were economically different because they heavily relied on farms to produce grains and livestock. They also used a lot of indenture servants to carry out the task in hand. Politically they had a local government that was different from the New England colonies because the government did not force settlers to go to church or to pay church taxes as the other colonies. The reason why they were not forced is because most of their time was spent taking care of the farm.…

    • 354 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays