South-North Division in Korea

Topics: World War II, North Korea, Korean War Pages: 5 (1680 words) Published: December 1, 2012
South-North Division in Korea
Korea is an East Asian country, which is surrounded by the sea on three sides, but unfortunately divided into two parts-South Korea and North Korea. Korea is bordered by China on the north and by the navigable Yalu and Tumen Rivers, both of which flow from Paektusan, the highest point in Korea at 9,000 feet (Weightman 360). Korea has four seasons and a monsoon climate with warm, humid summers and cold, dry winters. Continuous rains from June to July are a phenomenon. South and North Korea has many differences by geological patterns. North Korea is influenced by continental extremes, the south is warmed by the Japan Current. Moreover, South Korea’s terrain is mostly mountainous. Lowlands is located in the west and southeast, so agriculture is intensive with rice, vegetables, fruit, and other types of market gardening. However, North Korea has only about a sixth of mountains for cropping and few coastal lowlands for rice, corn, wheat, and soybeans. Therefore, they have a food sufficient problem. In Korea, the most important event in history is Korean War. The Korean War between South and North Korea broke out on June 25, 1950, in which at least 2.5 million persons lost their lives. The North Korean Army invaded across the 38th parallel in the morning. The Korean citizens did not realize that the war broke out because by that time, there were a lot of skirmishes between the South and North Army. Before the Korean War erupted, Korea was split into political, ideologically entities due to the influence of the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This research paper shows how the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics affected the Korean War and why the Korean War erupted. Moreover, it will be how South Korea has developed an economy and what is likely to happen in the future.

The origins of the Korean War are not as simple as people might think. It is strongly connected by not only causes and effects but also nations’ understandings. The Yalta Conference of 1945 was the second of three conference held between the three Allied superpowers during the Second World War era (Perekop). The Yalta Conference was about how to reform the world after winning the Second World War. One of the issues in this conference was about the Korean Peninsula’s trusteeship. Many countries were involved in Korea. Especially, when Soviet planned the war against Japan. The U.S also dropped an a-bomb on Hiroshima where the headquarters of the Japanese Army was in. Later, the Soviet declared the war against Japan and the army was planning to invade Japan through the Korean Peninsula, so they encamped at the northern part of Korea. Finally, Japan surrendered on August 15th. The U.S Army was placed in the southern part of Korea to discuss the trusteeship. So the northern part of Korea was occupied by the Soviets and the southern part of Korea was occupied by the U.S. At a conference in Moscow in December, the foreign ministers of the Soviet Union and Britain, and the U.S. Secretary of State met and discussed a five-year trusteeship for Korea (The Korean War). During those years, North Korea had absorbed the Communist ideology. Kim Il-Sung wanted to unite Korea, so he chose to invade South Korea. It wouldn’t take long for the conflict to come to a head between North and South Korea. Indeed, the Korean War erupted in 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea. The war had been broken out in Ong-Jin Peninsula and started to spread out as time passed. The U.S almost immediately entered the battle. Truman told his daughter, Margaret, that “We are going to fight.” (The Korean War) The countryside quickly transformed into a practical wasteland. During the Korean War, Northern troops conquered Seoul, which is the capital city, for three days. South Korea’s defense line receded to the Nakdong River. The U.N decided to cooperate with South Korea and the war started to have the effect of becoming...

Bibliography: Cumings, Bruce. “The Korean War- A History.” A Modern Library Chronicles Book. 2010.
Hickey, Michael. “The Korean War: The West Confronts Communism, 1950-1953”. The Overlook Press. 1999.
Kim, Y.M. “The Fourth Economic Development Plan.” Cho-Sun. 20 Aug. 1977: 10-11.
Shaw, William. “South Korea: A Country Study.” Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress. Web. 1990.
“South Korea-Economic Plans”. Mongabay. Web. June. 1990.
Weightman, Barbara A. “Dragons and Tigers : A Geography of South, East and Southeast Asia.” Wiley. 2010.
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