South Korea

Topics: South Korea, North Korea, Korea Pages: 47 (18714 words) Published: June 23, 2013
6/23/13

South Korea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

South Korea
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

South Korea ( listen), officially the Republic of Korea (Korean: 대한 민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk listen), is a sovereign country located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.[7] The name "Korea" is derived from Goryeo, a dynasty which ruled in the Middle Ages. Its neighbors are China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone with a predominantly mountainous terrain. It covers a total area of 99,392 km2 (38,375 sq mi)[8] and has a population of 50 million. The capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of 9.8 million. Archaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula was occupied by the Lower Paleolithic period (2.6 Ma–300 Ka).[9][10] Korean history begins with the founding of Gojoseon in 2333 BC by the legendary Dan-gun. Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Silla AD 668, Korea was ruled by the Goryeo Dynasty (918–1392) and Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910). It was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U.S. zones of occupation. An election was held in the U.S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea. Although the United Nations passed a resolution declaring the Republic to be the only lawful government in Korea,[11] the Soviets set up a rival government in the North. The Korean War began in 1950 when forces from the North invaded the South. The war lasted three years and involved the U.S., China, the Soviet Union, and many other nations. The border between the two nations remains the most heavily fortified in the world.[12] In the decades that followed, the South Korean economy grew significantly and the country was transformed into a major economy.[13] Civilian government replaced military rule in 1987. Presently, South Korea has strict gun control laws that rank them among countries with the fewest quantity of firearms per capita. South Korea is a presidential republic consisting of seventeen administrative divisions and is a developed country with a very high standard of living. It is Asia's fourth largest economy and the world's 15th (nominal) or 12th (purchasing power parity) largest economy.[14] The economy is export-driven, with production focusing on electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics. South Korea is a member of the United Nations, WTO, and OECD. It is also a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit.

Republic of Korea 대한민국 大韓民國 Daehan Minguk

Flag

Emblem

Motto: "홍익인간" (unofficial)
(English: "Benefit broadly the human world")

Anthem: 애국가 "Aegukga"
(English: "Patriotic Song")
0:00 MENU

Capital and largest city Official languages Official scripts Ethnic groups Demonym

Seoul Korean Hangul[1] 97.25% Korean 2.75% other ethnic groups [2] South Korean Korean Unitary presidential constitutional republic Park Geun-hye Jung Hong-won National Assembly 1/31

Contents
1 History 1.1 Before the division 1.2 After the division 2 Government en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korea

Government - President - Prime Minister Legislature

6/23/13

South Korea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

3 Administrative divisions 4 Foreign relations 4.1 China 4.2 European Union 4.3 Japan 4.4 North Korea 4.5 United States 5 Military 6 Geography, climate and environment 6.1 Geography 6.2 Climate 6.3 Environment 7 Economy 7.1 Transportation and energy 8 Science and technology 8.1 Aerospace research 8.2 Robotics 8.3 Biotechnology 9 Education 10 Demographics 10.1 Cities 10.2 Religion 11 Public health and safety 12 Culture 12.1 Art 12.2 Architecture 12.3 Cuisine 12.4 Contemporary music, film and television 12.5 Technology culture 13 Sports 14 See also 15 References 15.1 Footnotes 15.2 Bibliography 16 External links

Establishment - National Foundation Day - Independence declared -...

References: South Korea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
April 8, 2008
South Korea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Division (May 2005)
Bibliography
Cumings, Bruce (1997)
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