The official name of South Africa is the Republic of South Africa. There is 51.77 million citizens in South Africa. Unlike most other countries around the world, South Africa has not one but three capital cities. More precisely, the government branches are divided among three major South African cities: Pretoria, Cape Town, and Bloemfontein. South-African money is called Rand. More than 25% of the South-African citizens are unemployed. South Africa contains some of the oldest archaeological and human fossil sites in the world. Traditional Music:
For the people of South Africa, singing in itself is a tradition. They enjoy singing to pass the time during daily chores, or to celebrate special events. (Video Mbube)
The colonization of South Africa took place in the early 1800s by the British. Originally, South Africa was discovered by the Portuguese in 1488. This, unlike the Dutch settlement in 1652, was not permanent. Final colonization was taken over by the British which also began a large conflict with the Dutch, or the Boers, and the English. In 1881, the Dutch had a successful revolt against the British given a measure of self-governing in return. The South African Natives were treated with disrespect because they had limited governmental rights. Apartheid:
In 1948 the apartheid system was introduced. All people were segregated by race, and white minority continued to be in full control. The African National Congress under the leadership of Nelson Mandela started to fight against this injustice. Mandela was arrested and sent to prison for life in 1964. In the 70s and the 80s there were protests, strikes and riots among the black population. President F.W de Klerk realized that apartheid had to come to an end. Nelson Mandela was released from prison, and in 1994 the first open and free elections were held in South Africa, and Mandela was elected president. How did Apartheid effect the Black population?
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