Sources and Causes of Water Pollution

Topics: Pollution, Waste, Radioactive waste Pages: 4 (776 words) Published: July 5, 2013
Water Pollution

Water pollution involves any contaminated water, whether from chemical, particulate, or bacterial matter that degrades the water's quality and purity. Water pollution can occur in oceans, rivers, lakes, and underground reservoirs, and as different water sources flow together the pollution can spread. Causes of water pollution include:

* Increased sediment from soil erosion
* Improper waste disposal and littering
* Leaching of soil pollution into water supplies
* Organic material decay in water supplies
The effects of water pollution include decreasing the quantity of drinkable water available, lowering water supplies for crop irrigation, and impacting fish and wildlife populations that require water of a certain purity for survival. Soil Pollution

Soil, or land pollution, is contamination of the soil that prevents natural growth and balance in the land whether it is used for cultivation, habitation, or a wildlife preserve. Some soil pollution, such as the creation of landfills, is deliberate, while much more is accidental and can have widespread effects. Soil pollution sources include:

* Hazardous waste and sewage spills
* Non-sustainable farming practices, such as the heavy use of inorganic pesticides * Strip mining, deforestation, and other destructive practices * Household dumping and littering
Soil contamination can lead to poor growth and reduced crop yields, loss of wildlife habitat, water and visual pollution, soil erosion, and desertification. Noise Pollution

Noise pollution refers to undesirable levels of noises caused by human activity that disrupt the standard of living in the affected area. Noise pollution can come from: * Traffic
* Airports
* Railroads
* Manufacturing plants
* Construction or demolition
* Concerts
Some noise pollution may be temporary while other sources are more permanent. Effects may include hearing loss, wildlife disturbances, and a general degradation...
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