Source of Electricity in South Sulawesi

Satisfactory Essays
Source of Electricity in South Sulawesi In South Sulawesi the 2 basic methods of producing Electric Power are hydroelectric generation, based on the energy contained in flowing water, and thermal generation, based on the production of steam. At the centre of nearly all power stations is a generator, a rotating machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy by creating relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor. The energy source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. It depends chiefly on what fuels are easily available and the types of technology that the power company has access to.
In thermal power stations, mechanical power is produced by a heat engine, which transforms thermal energy, often from combustion of a fuel, into rotational energy. Most thermal power plants produce steam, and these are sometimes called steam power plants. Not all thermal energy can be transformed to mechanical power, according to the second law of thermodynamics. Therefore, thermal power plants also produce low-temperature heat. If no use is found for the heat, it is lost to the environment. If reject heat is employed as useful heat, for industrial processes or district heating, the power plant is referred to as a cogeneration power plant or CHP (combined heat-and-power) plant.
South Sulawesi's installed electrical generating capacity in 2005 was 543.93 megawatts: 36.06% derived from hydroelectric (own by PLN), 13.96 from oil (own by PLN), 41% from natural gas (Independence Power Producer/IPP), 7.90% from oil (IPP), 1.04% from oil (small-generation). Installed capacity is the amount of power that could be generated at a given instant if all power plants were working simultaneously at full capacity.
Actual production depends on the amount of time particular generators are running and on load (appliances, motors, etc) placed on the system. Electric Utilities build 10% extra capacity into their systems, above the expected maximum load, to

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Converting Saltwater into Electricity I. Introduction The world we live in is abundant with food, life and resources, but we continue to use up non-renewable resources in massive amounts. As a result, the many nations and countries of the world will have to deal with water, food, and energy shortages, as an effect of overpopulation. This Project presents a new, derived energy source. It will also discuss the methods and ways we can utilize this environmentally-friendly resource to produce an efficient…

    • 322 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    and the manufacture of chlorine and sodium hydroxide.1 Coconut (Cocos nucifera) water contains a variety of nutrients including vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, amino acids, enzymes, growth factors, and other nutrients. Coconut water is a good source of the major minerals like magnesium, calcium, and potassium. It is particularly rich in potassium, an essential nutrient; one 8-ounce cup of coconut water has more potassium than a banana. It also contains a variety of trace elements such as zinc…

    • 3527 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Electricity

    • 2788 Words
    • 12 Pages

    ELECTRICITY - A Secondary Energy Source A Secondary Source The Science of Electricity How Electricity is Generated/Made The Transformer - Moving Electricity Measuring Electricity energy calculator links page recent statistics A SECONDARY SOURCE Electricity is the flow of electrical power or charge. It is a secondary energy source which means that we get it from the conversion of other sources of energy, like coal, natural gas, oil, nuclear power and other natural sources, which are called primary…

    • 2788 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Electricity

    • 724 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Electricity what is it? Electricity is also known as electrical energy which is the flow of moving electrons. Electrons are from atoms which have three different components with different charges. There are protons with a positive charge, neutrons with a neutral charge, and electrons with a negative charge. But the negatively charged electrons are useless if they don’t have a circuit to travel on. A circuit is a system that is made of three different components and they are: an energy source…

    • 724 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Electricity

    • 676 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Study Guide, Chapter 8: Production and Distribution of Electricity Essay Questions: 1. Where are the big electric power plants in your state and what type of fuel do they use1? What is the primary fuel source used overall in your state? Massachusetts hosts three liquefied natural gas import terminals, one at Everett and two offshore of Gloucester (my hometown). Massachusetts generated 68 percent of its electricity from natural gas and 11 percent from coal in 2011. http://www.eia…

    • 676 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    on Sources In South Africa Electrical Energy is supplied mainly in the Form of grid electricity provided by ESKOM. However, consumers still consider other alternative energy sources for use in order to reduce energy expenses. Users particularly in low income households continue to use a variety of other energy sources. Other sources include solar energy, wind energy, hydrocarbon fuels wood, coal and paraffin and own power generation using generators. GRID ELECTRICITY Grid electricity from…

    • 893 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Electricity

    • 902 Words
    • 4 Pages

    ELECTRICITY MR.ROBINSON Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge. Electricity gives a wide variety of well-known effects, such as lightning, static electricity, electromagnetic induction and the flow of electrical current. In addition, electricity permits the creation and reception of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves. In electricity, charges produce electromagnetic fields which act…

    • 902 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    electricity

    • 8675 Words
    • 102 Pages

    There are a number of independent power producers that contributes significantly in electricity generation in Pakistan. For years, the matter of balancing Pakistan 's supply against the demand for electricity has remained a largely unresolved matter. Pakistan faces a significant An Overview of Electricity Sector In Pakistan challenge in revamping its network responsible for the supply of electricity. Due to an unrealistic power tariff, high inefficiencies, low payment recovery and the…

    • 8675 Words
    • 102 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    electricity

    • 491 Words
    • 2 Pages

    dependent on electricity, it seems, virtually, impossible to think if we can ever live without it. When an hour or so of load-shedding, especially on a hot summer day, can make us fret and fume and curse the whole system, what would happen, if this great boon is taken away from us forever? The whole life would come to a grinding halt, forcing all of us to experience the dull, dark, boring and uneventful period of the stone-age. As a matter of fact, to conceive of a life without electricity is, virtually…

    • 491 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    electricity

    • 1964 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The energy source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. It depends chiefly on which fuels are easily available, cheap enough and on the types of technology that the power company has access to. Most power stations in the world burn fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas to generate electricity, and some use nuclear power, but there is an increasing use of cleaner renewable sources such as solar, wind, wave and hydroelectric. Types of power generating plants Electricity can be generated…

    • 1964 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays